​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Team Members by Research Area

Infrastructure and Energy Storage Team Members



John Smarthttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=38John Smart John Smart is the Mobility Analytics Group lead at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). He is currently on a management and operations detail with the Joint Office of Energy & Transportation, serving as the acting program manager for guidance, standards, and requirements. During his 15-year tenure at INL, he has formed and led cross-functional teams of experts in transportation, energy storage, power systems, cybersecurity, data science, and machine learning. As a business development leader, he led teams to foster successful partnerships with over 50 companies, ensuring that INL research benefits industry, the government, and the nation. Before joining INL, he spent six years at Ford Motor Company, leading powertrain product development and manufacturing teams from multiple automakers and suppliers. Smart is an accomplished technical leader and speaker, having authored or co-authored more than 50 peer-reviewed publications and technical reports. He has given over 20 invited presentations at conferences and workshops and served as a technical adviser to the White House, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Transportation, and several private companies. He earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Brigham Young University and a master's degree in business administration from Boise State University. <div class="ExternalClass2D25FEBB737B475BBBBBA63495F5758F"><p>​M.S., Business Administration - Boise State University</p><p>​B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClassC604ACF66AB84932A0BDD67975E646D7"><p>​<strong>Peer-reviewed journal articles</strong></p><p>Zonggen Yi, John Smart, "A Framework for Integrated Dispatching and Charging Management of an Autonomous Electric Vehicle Ride-Hailing Fleet," Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 95, 102822 (2021) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102822.​</p><p>Yi, Zonggen, Don Scoffield, John Smart, Andrew Meintz, Myungsoo Jun, Manish Mohanpurkar, and Anudeep Medam. "A highly efficient control framework for centralized residential charging coordination of large electric vehicle populations." International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 117 (2020): 105661.</p><p>Roni, Mohammad S., Zonggen Yi, and John G. Smart. "Optimal charging management and infrastructure planning for free-floating shared electric vehicles." Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 76 (2019): 155-175.</p><p>Zhang, Bo, Richard B. Carlson, John G. Smart, Eric J. Dufek, and Boryann Liaw. "Challenges of future high power wireless power transfer for light-duty electric vehicles – technology and risk management." eTransportation 2 (2019): 100012.</p><p>Muratori, Matteo, Emma Elgqvist, Dylan Cutler, Joshua Eichman, Shawn Salisbury, Zachary Fuller, and John Smart. "Technology solutions to mitigate electricity cost for electric vehicle DC fast charging." Applied Energy 242 (2019): 415-423.</p><p>Yi, Zonggen, John Smart, and Matthew Shirk. "Energy impact evaluation for eco-routing and charging of autonomous electric vehicle fleet: Ambient temperature consideration." Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 89 (2018): 344-363.</p><p>Smart, John, Thomas Bradley, and Shawn Salisbury. "Actual versus estimated utility factor of a large set of privately owned Chevrolet Volts." SAE International Journal of Alternative Powertrains 3, no. 1 (2014): 30-35.</p><p>Schey, Stephen, Don Scoffield, and John Smart. "A first look at the impact of electric vehicle charging on the electric grid in the EV project." World Electric Vehicle Journal 5, no. 3 (2012): 667-678.</p><p>Smart, John, and Stephen Schey. "Battery electric vehicle driving and charging behavior observed early in the EV project." SAE International Journal of Alternative Powertrains 1, no. 1 (2012): 27-33.</p><p>Smart, John, Jim Francfort, Don Karner, Mindy Kirkpatrick, and Sera White. "US department of energy–Advanced vehicle testing activity: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle testing and demonstration activities." World Electric Vehicle Journal 3, no. 3 (2009): 482-493.</p><p>Duoba, Michael, Richard Carlson, Forrest Jehlik, John Smart, and Sera White. "Correlating dynamometer testing to in-use fleet results of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles." World Electric Vehicle Journal 3, no. 3 (2009): 651-663.</p><p><strong>Peer-reviewed conference papers </strong></p><p>Smart, John, Warren Powell, and Stephen Schey. "Extended range electric vehicle driving and charging behavior observed early in the EV project." SAE World Congress. SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1441. SAE International, 2013.</p><p>Smart, John, Matthew Shirk, Ken Kurani, Casey Quinn, and Jamie Davies. "Electricity demand of PHEVs operated by private households and commercial fleets: effects of driving and charging behavior." International Electric Vehicle Symposium 25. Shezhen, China. November 2010.</p><p>Gonder, Jeff, Aaron Brooker, Richard Barney Carlson, and John Smart. "Deriving in-use PHEV fuel economy predictions from standardized test cycle results." IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, pp. 643-648. IEEE, 2009.</p><p>Iu, Huang-Yee, and John Smart. "Determining PHEV Performance Potential–User and Environmental Influences on A123 Systems' Hymotion™ Plug-In Conversion Module for the Toyota Prius." International Electric Vehicle Symposium 24. Stavanger, Norway. May 2009.</p><p>Iu, Huang-Yee, and John Smart. "Report on the Field Performance of A123Systems' Hymotion™ Plug-In Conversion Module for the Toyota Prius." 2009 SAE World Congress. SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-1331. SAE International, 2009.</p><p><strong>Invited presentations</strong></p><p>Smart, John. "Advanced Fueling Infrastructure Pillar Research Findings to Date."DOE SMART Mobility Consortium Executive Advisory Board Meeting. August 2019.</p><p>Smart, John, Richard Carlson, and Ken Rohde. "Consequence-driven Cybersecurity for High Power EV Charging Infrastructure." I3P Webinar: EV Cybersecurity Webinar. May 2019.</p><p>Smart, John. "Charging Infrastructure for Shared and Autonomous EVs." Webinar Series: The Future of Light-Duty Fuel Economy Technologies and Infrastructure. National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. April 2019. </p><p>Smart, John. "Energy Efficient Mobility Systems: The US DOE's Research on SMART Mobility – Advanced Fueling Infrastructure Pillar." ITS World Congress. Montreal, QC. October 2017.</p><p>Smart, John. "Shared, Autonomous, Electric EVs and How to Charge Them." EV Roadmap 10. Portland, OR. June 2017</p><p>Smart, John and Yutaka Motoaki. "Autonomous Electric Vehicles for Mobility as a Service: What Charging Infrastructure is Required?" SAE 2017 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Technologies Symposium. Pasadena, CA. February 2017.</p><p>Smart, John. "U.S. Department of Energy Grid Modernization Vehicle Grid Integration Projects." Third Annual California Multi-Agency Update on Vehicle-Grid Integration Research. Sacramento, CA. December 2016.</p><p>Smart, John. "INL Plug-in Electric Vehicle and Charging Infrastructure Data." White House / Department of Energy Electric Vehicle Datathon. November 2016.</p><p>Smart, John. "Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Deployment and Grid Integration Research." EV/Utility Industry Nexus Conference. San Diego, CA. November 2016.</p><p>Smart, John. "DC Fast Charging and Demand Charges." Oregon Utility Engagement Work Group Meeting. September 2016.</p><p>Smart, John. "INL Advanced Transportation Research and DOE SMART Mobility." Energy Connected Conference. Boise, ID. March 2016.</p><p>Smart, John.  "Plugged In: How Americans Charge Their Electric Vehicles." University of Central Florida EV Summit. Orlando, FL. October 2015.</p><p>Smart, John. "Charging Infrastructure Use Profiles and Installation Costs for 17,000 Units." Transportation Research Board 2015 Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. January 2015.</p><p>Smart, John. "Workplace Lessons Learned through the Nation's Largest PEV Charging Projects." DOE Workplace Charging Challenge Summit. Alexandria, VA. November 2014.</p><p>Smart, John. "EV Charging Infrastructure Usage in Large-scale Charging Infrastructure Demonstrations: Public Charging Station Case Studies for ARB." Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Information Gathering Meeting of the California Air Resources Board. Sacramento, CA. May 2014.</p><p>Smart, John, and Sera White. "Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Usage Observed in Large-scale Charging Infrastructure Demonstrations." National Academy of Sciences Committee on Overcoming Barriers to EV Deployment Open-Session Meeting. Irvine, CA. February 2014.</p><p>Smart, John. "PEV Infrastructure Deployment Costs and Drivers' Charging Preferences in the EV Project." SAE 2014 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Technologies Symposium. La Jolla, CA. February 2014.</p><p>Smart, John. "Trends Observed in Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Demonstrations." SAE 2014 Government/Industry Meeting. Washington, DC. January 2014.</p><p>Smart, John. "U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program - A Summary of Results Thus Far from The EV Project." National Governor's Association State and Local Plug-in Electric Vehicle Workshop. July 2012.</p><p>Smart, John. "Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity – Plug-in Electric Vehicle Demonstration Results (Thus Far)." SAE 2012 Hybrid Symposium. Anaheim, CA. February 2012.</p><p>Smart, John. "U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program's Plug-in Electric Vehicle and Charging Infrastructure Demonstrations." IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting Electric Vehicle Super Session. Detroit, MI. July 2011.</p><p>Smart, John and Stephen Schey. "Introduction to the EV Project:the Largest Deployment of Electric Vehicles and Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Ever Undertaken." SAE 2011 Hybrid Symposium. Anaheim, CA. February 2011. </p><p>Smart, John and Jim Francfort. "U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Vehicle Testing and Demonstrations." Plug-In 2010. San Diego, CA. July 2010.</p><p>Smart, John. "Reducing Vehicle Petroleum-based Fuel Consumption: What are Our Options?" Small Cities Council Steering Committee Meeting. Rexburg, ID. August 2008.<br></p><p> </p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/John_Smart.png<div class="ExternalClass95A04162774643A384AF9168EB7BDEED"><p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/johngsmart">LinkedIn</a><br></p><p><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=qrRiQ-wAAAAJ&hl=en&authuser=1">Google Scholar</a><br></p></div>Mobility Systems & Analytics Group Lead, Business Development Lead - Advanced Vehicles
Kelly Bonjourhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=819Kelly BonjourEnergy Storage Technology;Infrastructure and Energy Storage;Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/KellyBonjour.pngAdministrative Assistant
David Blackhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=224David BlackDave Black is a data analyst in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage & Transportation Systems department. He started working at the INL in 1978. For the past 30 years, he has been a software developer and database manager. His most recent work has been in the IT department for CH2M-WG as a PeopleSoft data base administrator as well as an application/database developer on several projects there. He has also worked for Battelle Energy Alliance’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. His past experience includes many years with Analytical Laboratories Department at INTEC and AMWTP, a stint with the CMMS Passport system, and as a SharePoint designer on a Virginia DOT project. <div class="ExternalClass6C94D7404FCA41A4B70E13C0DA38DB1D"><p>​<span style="font-family:"book antiqua", serif;font-size:11pt;"><font color="#000000">Certificate in Computer Programming (Scientific) - University of Idaho</font></span></p></div><div class="ExternalClassE0DFF8DA2A0A421DBFC3CCE9E6FA46DE"><p>"Idaho Chemical Processing Plant Laboratory Information Management System – The Next Generation" by R. W. Anselmo, D. B. Black, J. J. Jacobson, R. A. Kinoshita and L. E. Trejo. LITCO Internal Report, February 1996.</p><p> </p><p>"Tailoring System Logging for Security Needs in AOS/VS" by Dave Black. NADGUG Federal Special Interest Group Newsletter, February 1988.</p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Dave5-800-cropped.jpgData Analyst
Zonggen Yi, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=402Zonggen Yi, Ph.D.Dr. Zonggen Yi is a researcher in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicles department. He received his doctorate in electrical engineering from University of Notre Dame. He earned his bachelor’s, in automation, and master’s, in control engineering, from Tongji University, Shanghai, China, where he has worked on physical system state estimation and control algorithm design in networked and distributed intelligent systems. His research focus on high-efficient intelligent decision-making methodologies using advanced control, optimization, and machine learning/AI technologies. Specific research areas mainly include the autonomous driving technologies, energy management for connected and automated electric vehicles, shared autonomous electric vehicle fleet operation management, control and optimization of smart charging for electric vehicle fleet integrated to power grid, etc.<div class="ExternalClassF9E605C85D984B05936F18C7B3E66558"><p>​​Ph.D., Electrical Engineering - University of Notre Dame</p><p><br>M.S., Control Theory and Control Engineering - Tongji University, Shanghai China</p><p><br>B.S., Automation - Tongji University, Shanghai China<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClassDC78926DFDD84C188F382CADB335A6B8"><p>​​Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)</p></div><div class="ExternalClassB89882CAB02E482497B5F0BE87403D1A"><p>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Energy Aware Driving: Optimal Electric Vehicle Speed Profiles for Sustainability in Transportation." IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 20.3 (2019): 1137-1148.</p><p> </p><p>Zonggen Yi, and Don Scoffield. "A Data-Driven Framework for Residential Electric Vehicle Charging Load Profile Generation." 2018 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC). IEEE, 2018.</p><p> </p><p>Zonggen Yi, John Smart, and Matthew Shirk. "Energy impact evaluation for eco-routing and charging of autonomous electric vehicle fleet: Ambient temperature consideration." Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 89 (2018): 344-363.</p><p> </p><p>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Optimal stochastic eco-routing solutions for electric vehicles." IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 19.12 (2018): 3807-3817.</p><p>Zonggen Yi, Matthew Shirk. "Data-driven optimal charging decision making for connected and automated electric vehicles: A personal usage scenario." Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 86 (2018): 37-58.</p><p> </p><p>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Adaptive multiresolution energy consumption prediction for electric vehicles." IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 66.11 (2017): 10515-10525.</p><p>​​</p><p>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Effects of Environmental Factors on Electric Vehicle Energy Consumption: A Sensitivity Analysis." IET Electrical Systems in Transportation (2017).</p><p> </p><p>Zonggen Yi, and Peter H. Bauer. "Optimization Models for Placement of an Energy-Aware EV Charging Infrastructure". Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 91(2016):227-244.</p><p><br>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Spatio-Temporal Energy Demand Models for Electric Vehicles." IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 65.3(2016):1030-1042.</p><p><br>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Optimal Speed Pro les for Sustainable Driving of Electric Vehicles." Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC). IEEE, 2015.</p><p><br>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Sensitivity Analysis of Environmental Factors for Electric Vehicles Energy Consumption." Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC). IEEE, 2015.</p><p><br>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Spatio-Temporal Energy Demand Models for Electric Vehicles." Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC). IEEE, 2014.</p><p><br>Zonggen Yi, Peter H. Bauer. "Energy Consumption Model and Charging Station Placement for Electric Vehicles." 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems. 2014.</p><p><br>ZhongjieWang, Zonggen Yi. "Robust State Estimation for Network Packet Dropout with Quadratic Programming." Journal of Tongji University. Natural Science 40.6 (2012): 942-948.</p><p><br>Zonggen Yi, Zhongjie Wang. "Robust State Estimation Based on Quadratic Programming for Network Packet Dropout." International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Control (ICECC). IEEE, 2011. (Distinguished Paper Award)<br></p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Zonggen%20Yi.jpgAdvanced Vehicle Research Engineer
Ron Stewarthttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=39Ron StewartRon Stewart is project technical leader in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage and Transportation Systems Department. For more than 15 he has been the team lead and project manager for a small team of Web application developers focused on solving performance problems for organizations within the Federal Government and at INL. He has more than 30 years of professional experience in software engineering, application architecture, and application development on a variety of hardware and software platforms. He holds a bachelor’s in computer science from University of Idaho and has been previously certified as a project management professional with the Project Management Institute.<div class="ExternalClassFA0D59ABC7124EE895539C48DCB229B1"><p>​B.S., Computer Science - University of Idaho</p><font face="ArialMT" size="2"><font face="ArialMT" size="2"><p>Project Management Professional (PMP) Certification, Project Management Institute</p></font></font></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Ron1-800-cropped.jpgProject Manager - Transportation Systems
Mindy (Kirkpatrick) Gerdeshttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=27Mindy (Kirkpatrick) GerdesMindy Gerdes is a technical specialist in Idaho National Laboratory’s Advanced Transportation group. She is responsible for data collection of vehicle test data, import, processing, analysis, technical report reviewing and writing, literature searches and interfacing with more than 100 external organizations and the general public. She coordinates technical editing support for reports and graphic arts support for the development of public event materials. She earned her associate’s degree in civil engineering technology and her bachelor’s in geomatics technology from Idaho State University. In 2015 she was honored with the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office Distinguished Achievement Award.<div class="ExternalClass755A007513334AC28AB2D7482B46EDDE"><p>​B.S., Geomatics Technology - Idaho State University</p><p>A.A., Civil Engineering Technology - Idaho State University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass0473A946FCF04329AD7E3E0C1FB0D358"><p style="text-align:left;">Scoffield, Don, J. Smart, S. Salisbury, M. Kirkpatrick.  Investigating the Usefulness of Grid-connected Plug-in Electric Vehicles as Controllable Loads.  December 2014.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href="http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/InvestigatingTheUsefullnessOfGrid-connectedPHEVasControllableLoads.pdf"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/InvestigatingTheUsefullnessOfGrid-connectedPHEVasControllableLoads.pdf</span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Francfort, Jim. R. Carlson, M. Kirkpatrick, M. Shirk, J. Smart, S. White.  Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fuel Use Reporting Methods and Results.  July 2009.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href="http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/phev_mpg_report_july09.pdf"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/phev_mpg_report_july09.pdf</span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Karner, Donald, R. Brayer, D. Peterson, M.Kirkpatrick, J. Francfort.  Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Integrated Test Plan and Evaluation Program.  March 2007.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href="http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/phevtestplan.pdf"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/phevtestplan.pdf</span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Kirkpatrick, Mindy, J. Francfort. Federal Fleet Use of Electric Vehicles. November 2003.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href="http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/fsev/federalfleet.pdf"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/fsev/federalfleet.pdf</span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Smart, John.  J. Francfort, D. Karner, M. Kirkpatrick, S. White.  U.S. Department of Energy – Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity:  Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities.  May, 2009.  EVS24, Stavanger, Norway 2009.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href="http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/EVS24PHEVTestingAndDemonstration.pdf"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://avt.inl.gov/pdf/phev/EVS24PHEVTestingAndDemonstration.pdf</span></a>)</p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Mindy2-800-cropped.jpgTechnical Specialist
Victor G. Walkerhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=123Victor G. WalkerVictor G. Walker specializes in artificial intelligence and adaptive control systems research. He has extensive experience working in industry with software and process automation in the United States and Scandinavia. He holds a master’s degree in computer science from National Technology University. He has worked on intelligent automation of mobile and adaptive robotic systems and continues to pursue research in resilient control system design and interaction methodologies. As principal investigator for the Idaho National Laboratory’s Bioenergy Feedstock Library, he has led efforts to create a web-based application for collecting, tracking, and analyzing biomass feedstocks for energy use. In robotics research and development, he helped develop technology after the nuclear accident in Fukushima and traveled to Japan to train response teams on the robotic system from the Department of Energy. He has a continual focus on leadership and mentoring and was recognized in 2010 and 2011 with the INL Laboratory Director’s Award.<div class="ExternalClassBD538DB0AA064CC397135506F4A4F705"><p>​M.S., Computer Science - National Technology University</p><p>B.S., Computer Science - Brigham Young University</p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Victor%20Walker.jpgResearch Engineer
Don Scoffieldhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=36Don ScoffieldDon R. Scoffield is a vehicle systems engineer at Idaho National Laboratory who collects and analyzes data from plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), hybrid electric vehicles, and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE).  Don is a power system engineer who is currently carrying out the power quality testing of production PEVs and EVSEs at the INL.  Don has over 10 years of experience in software development and data analysis.  He has been the primary developer of several large software development projects.  He wrote the software for an EVSE that automates the characterization of PEV charging across any number of distinct charge rates.  He has developed software that uses triangulation to determine the most likely locations where PEVs park.  Don has also developed several tools used to post process data from PEV data loggers as well as data from simulation tools.  Prior to working at the INL Don worked at the Western Electricity Coordinating Council where he ran production cost simulations on the western interconnection.  He holds a bachelor’s in electrical engineering and is pursuing his master’s degree through the University of Idaho.<div class="ExternalClassAC2532994BDC4A7CB1222E9D818660C0"><p>​B.S., Electrical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass72011D07F32845D98672EE58EECF3142"><p>Markel et al. (2015 May). Multi‐Lab EV Smart Grid Integration Requirements Study.Technical Report NREL/TP‐5400‐63963.</p><p> </p><p>Schey S., Scoffield D., Smart J. (2012 May). A First Look at the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Electric Grid in the EV Project. Paper presented at the Electric Vehicle<br>Symposium 26, Los Angeles, CA.</p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Don3-800-cropped.jpgVehicle Systems Engineer
Manoj Kumar Cebol Sundarrajanhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=817Manoj Kumar Cebol SundarrajanManoj is a Research Programmer in the Mobility Systems and Analytics group at Idaho National Laboratory specialized in High performance computing and software development. He is current involved in the development of Caldera to model plug in electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Before joining INL, Manoj did an internship with the BioHPC group at UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas. Manoj holds a master's degree in computer engineering from University of Houston and a bachelor's degree in Electrical engineering from Anna University, India.<div class="ExternalClass819CF5FAB87B4979B221B88D2A432AB2"><p>​M.S., Computer Systems Engineering - University of Houston<br></p><p>B.E., Electrical and Electronics Engineering - Anna University<br></p></div>Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/ManojSundarrajan.png<div class="ExternalClassAC099A2C7F5C4F52B8920425E0A1AECF"><p>​<br></p><p><br></p></div>Research Programmer
Timothy Raczekhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=818Timothy RaczekMobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/TimothyRaczek.png