Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Team Members by Research Area

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Team Members by Research Area

Power and Energy Systems Team Members



Matt Balderree BalderreeMatthew Balderree is the Idaho National Laboratory’s chief pilot for unmanned aircraft systems, working out of the Systems Analyses and Engineering department. He graduated from Kansas State University with a bachelor’s unmanned aircraft systems (drones, to most people). He has worked with UAS in the petroleum industry, electrical industry, agriculture and academia. He served in the Air Force for seven years with three deployments to Iraq, which is where he first started working with drones. He will be providing piloting capabilities to the Unmanned Robotics Lab as they continue the development of their UAS program. Matthew will search out and acquire new contracts and interested parties to continue the research that the Unmanned Robotics Laboratory is already doing.<div class="ExternalClass50E92A9D4B2C4D5C98C3ADBE2BC34A5E"><p>​B.S., Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) - Kansas State University</p></div>Advanced Vehicles UAS Pilot
David Black BlackDave Black is a data analyst in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage & Transportation Systems department. He started working at the INL in 1978. For the past 30 years, he has been a software developer and database manager. His most recent work has been in the IT department for CH2M-WG as a PeopleSoft data base administrator as well as an application/database developer on several projects there. He has also worked for Battelle Energy Alliance’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. His past experience includes many years with Analytical Laboratories Department at INTEC and AMWTP, a stint with the CMMS Passport system, and as a SharePoint designer on a Virginia DOT project. <div class="ExternalClass6C94D7404FCA41A4B70E13C0DA38DB1D"><p>​<span style="font-family:"book antiqua", serif;font-size:11pt;"><font color="#000000">Certificate in Computer Programming (Scientific) - University of Idaho</font></span></p></div><div class="ExternalClassE0DFF8DA2A0A421DBFC3CCE9E6FA46DE"><p>"Idaho Chemical Processing Plant Laboratory Information Management System – The Next Generation" by R. W. Anselmo, D. B. Black, J. J. Jacobson, R. A. Kinoshita and L. E. Trejo. LITCO Internal Report, February 1996.</p><p> </p><p>"Tailoring System Logging for Security Needs in AOS/VS" by Dave Black. NADGUG Federal Special Interest Group Newsletter, February 1988.</p></div>Advanced Vehicles Computing;Advanced Vehicles;Energy Storage;Mobility Systems and Analytics Analyst
Richard "Barney" Carlson "Barney" CarlsonRichard “Barney” Carlson is a research engineer with more than 20 years of automotive research experience in industry, academic and government laboratories. As a graduate student at the University of California at Davis, he led the high voltage and powertrain team in the design, development and construction of multiple plug-in hybrid electric vehicles for the FutureCar and FutureTruck challenge, his team taking first place three times. He was awarded six patents during his time at General Motors Research and Development on efficiency improvements of powertrains for automotive systems. Since arriving at INL in 2009, he has been the principal investigator for the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (EVI) laboratory. This lab evaluates electric vehicle charging infrastructure to benchmark the state of the art technology, support codes and standards development for the automotive industry, as well as the integration of electric vehicles with renewable energy resources. He also contributes to the Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) through the analysis and reporting of on-road data from hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and all-electric vehicle users. As part of the AVTA, he jointly received, with other INL colleagues, the U.S DOE Vehicle Technologies Office Distinguished Achievement Award in June 2015.<div class="ExternalClassF34DE5185A0E40DAA7168ECB980B1B59"><p>​M.S., Mechanical Engineering - UC Davis</p><p>​B.S., Mechanical Engineering - UC Davis</p></div><div class="ExternalClassDED7AE4952F141CA85A3FF3A6BD3D182"><p>​Vehicle systems</p><p>Electric vehicle infrastructure laboratory</p><p>Electrified Vehicle Energy Consumption Optimization <br> Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Evaluation<br> Test Method Standardization, Optimization, and Automation<br> Automotive Tire Compound Adhesion Variability Evaluation<br> Rudimental Percussion Instruction and Performance</p></div><div class="ExternalClass1DD844A21A4A4054B964906C78485597"><p>Johnston, B.; <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>; et. al. <em>The Continued Design and Development of the University of California, Davis FutureCar,</em> SAE 980487, 1998.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al., <em>Testing and Analysis of Three Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles</em>, 2007-01-0283, SAE World Congress 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Duoba, M., Lohse-Busch, H., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al. <em>Analysis of Power-Split HEV Control Strategies Using Data from Several Vehicles,</em> 2007-01-0291, SAE World Congress 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Rousseau, A., Shidore, N., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al., <em>Research on PHEV Battery Requirements and Evaluation of Early Prototypes</em>, 7<sup>th</sup> International Advanced Automotive Battery & Ultracapacitor Conference ( AABC-07), 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Bohn, T., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al., <em>Automotive Alternator Synchronous Rectification Via Self-Sensing Method for Improved Vehicle Fuel Consumption</em>, IAS conference, June 2007.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al., <em>On-Road Evaluation of Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicles Over a Wide Range of Ambient Temperatures</em>, Paper #275, EVS23, 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Duoba, M., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al., <em>TEST PROCEDURES AND BENCHMARKING Blended-Type and EV-Capable Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles</em>, EVS23, 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Bohn, T., Duoba, M., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, <em>In-Situ Torque Measurements in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrains</em>, EVS23, 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Cao, Q., Pagerit, S., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, Rousseau, A., <em>Plug-in HEV Hymotion Prius Model Validation</em>, EVS23, 2007.</p><p> </p><p>Ng, H., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al. <em>Comparing the Performance of GTL/ULSD Blends in Older and Newer LD Vehicles</em>, 08SFL-0268, SAE International Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Congress June 23-25, Shanghai, China 2008.</p><p> </p><p>Rousseau, A., Shidore, N., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al., <em>Impact of Battery Characteristics on PHEVs Fuel Economy</em>, 8<sup>th</sup> International Advanced Automotive Battery & Ultracapacitor Conference (AABC-08), 2008.</p><p> </p><p>Duoba, M., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, et. al. <em>Test Procedure Development for "Blended Type" Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles,</em> 2008-01-0457, SAE World Congress, 2008.</p><p> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Miers, S., <span lang="DE-AT" style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>,  <em>Butanol Blends used in a Common rail Diesel Engine,</em> SAE 2008 Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Conference, 2008.</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p><span lang="DE-AT" style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, Christenson, M., et. al., <em>Influence of Sub-Freezing Conditions on Fuel Consumption and Emissions from Two Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles,</em> EVS24, 2009.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R</span>, Shirk, M., Geller, B.,  <em>Factors Affecting the Fuel Consumption of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles</em>.  EVS25, 2010.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R</span>, D'Annunzio J, Fortin C, Shirk M.  <em>Ford Escape PHEV On-Road Results from US DOE's Technology Acceleration and Deployment Activity</em>.  EVS26 technical paper no. 2360162; 2012.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R</span><span style="text-decoration:underline;">.</span>, <em>On-Road Results from Charging Infrastructure and Grid Connected Vehicle Fleets</em>, SAE Hybrid Vehicle Technologies Symposium, Anaheim, CA, INL/CON-13-28239,  February 2013.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R</span><span style="text-decoration:underline;">.</span>, Lohse-Busch, H., Diez, J., Gibbs, J., <em>The Measured Impact of Vehicle Mass on Road Load Forces and Energy Consumption for a BEV, HEV, and ICE Vehicle</em>, 2013-01-1457, SAE World Congress,  2013.</p><p> </p><p>Wishart, J., <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, <em>The </em><em>Electric Drive Advanced Battery (EDAB)</em><em> </em><em>Project: Development and Utilization of an On-Road</em><em> </em><em>Energy Storage System Testbed</em>, 2013-01-1533, SAE World Congress, 2013.</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R.</span>, <em>Electric Vehicle Miles Traveled (eVMT)Analysis of On-Road Data from Plug-in Hybrid and All-Electric Vehicles</em>, presented to the California Air Resources Board, INL/MIS-14-32984, October 23, 2014.</p><p> </p><p><span lang="DE-AT" style="text-decoration:underline;">Carlson, R</span>., Normann, B.; SAE World Congress, <em>Test Results of the PLUGLESS Inductive Charging System from Evatran Group, Inc</em>., SAE 2014-01-1824, 2014. </p></div>Advanced Vehicles;Infrastructure and Energy Storage<div class="ExternalClass40AB8408A37341EA95BFC1A18FC35DC5"><p><a href="" target="_blank">​LinkedIn</a></p></div>Research Engineer
Mindy (Kirkpatrick) Gerdes (Kirkpatrick) GerdesMindy Gerdes is a technical specialist in Idaho National Laboratory’s Advanced Transportation group. She is responsible for data collection of vehicle test data, import, processing, analysis, technical report reviewing and writing, literature searches and interfacing with more than 100 external organizations and the general public. She coordinates technical editing support for reports and graphic arts support for the development of public event materials. She earned her associate’s degree in civil engineering technology and her bachelor’s in geomatics technology from Idaho State University. In 2015 she was honored with the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office Distinguished Achievement Award.<div class="ExternalClass755A007513334AC28AB2D7482B46EDDE"><p>​B.S., Geomatics Technology - Idaho State University</p><p>A.A., Civil Engineering Technology - Idaho State University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass0473A946FCF04329AD7E3E0C1FB0D358"><p style="text-align:left;">Scoffield, Don, J. Smart, S. Salisbury, M. Kirkpatrick.  Investigating the Usefulness of Grid-connected Plug-in Electric Vehicles as Controllable Loads.  December 2014.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"></span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Francfort, Jim. R. Carlson, M. Kirkpatrick, M. Shirk, J. Smart, S. White.  Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fuel Use Reporting Methods and Results.  July 2009.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"></span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Karner, Donald, R. Brayer, D. Peterson, M.Kirkpatrick, J. Francfort.  Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Integrated Test Plan and Evaluation Program.  March 2007.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"></span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Kirkpatrick, Mindy, J. Francfort. Federal Fleet Use of Electric Vehicles. November 2003.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"></span></a>)</p><p style="text-align:left;"> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Smart, John.  J. Francfort, D. Karner, M. Kirkpatrick, S. White.  U.S. Department of Energy – Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity:  Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities.  May, 2009.  EVS24, Stavanger, Norway 2009.  Published on INL AVTA Website (<a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"></span></a>)</p></div>Advanced Vehicles Computing;Mobility Systems and Analytics Specialist
Boryann Liaw, Ph.D. Liaw, Ph.D.Dr. Boryann (Bor Yann) Liaw joined Idaho National Laboratory in May 2016. The department operates the state-of-the-art Battery Technology Center (BTC), Non-destructive Battery Laboratory for Evaluation (NOBLE), and Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Laboratory (EVIL), with more than 25,000 sq. ft. of high-bay laboratory testing facility and a wide range of testing capabilities up to 750 kW, to conduct performance, reliability, safety, and failure analyses of energy storage systems. EVIL is located in the Integrated Energy Laboratory, a facility that can evaluate advanced vehicles, charging infrastructure, grid and behind-the-meter storage, microgrid and power distribution network, real time digital simulation and cybersecurity regarding integration, risk issues and control strategies with hardware-in-the-loop capability. For the past three decades, Dr. Liaw has been involved in R&D projects related to electric and hybrid vehicle evaluation and advanced battery diagnostics and prognostics. His major research activities comprise laboratory and real-life battery and vehicle testing, data collection and analysis, battery modeling and simulation, battery performance and life prediction, battery fast charging technology development, battery diagnoses and prognoses, and failure mode and effect analyses. He also expanded his endeavors to bio-fuel cells, including sugar-air alkaline battery development, and transforming ambient energy resources into useful power sources for portable or stationary applications. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from the National Tsinghua University in Taiwan, his master’s in chemistry from the University of Georgia, and his doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University. He conducted his post-doctoral fellowship research at the Max-Plank Institute of Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Liaw has co-authored more than 170 technical papers, eight book chapters, and ten patents and patent applications. He is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society. He has been actively involving in professional services, including serving in several editorial boards, associate editorships, past President of International Battery Materials Association, and Scientific Advisors for several international programs and DOE EFRC.<div class="ExternalClass8DFB2D417F704D988FB3616CACD8FCC9"><p>​Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering - Stanford University</p><p>M.S., Chemistry -  University of Georgia</p><p>B.S., Chemistry - National Tsing-Hua University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass54E7820846D04ECDB6216C63AC61EA2E"><p>​</p><p><span aria-hidden="true"></span>A.W. Abboud, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, “Implications of local current density variations on lithium metal electrode affected by cathode particle size.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 166 (2019) A667–A669.</p><p><br>Z. Bao, Y. Cui, E. Dufek, J. Goodenough, P. Khalifah, Q. Li, B.Y. Liaw, A. Manthiram, Y.S. Meng, et al. “Challenges for Building the Next Rechargeable Lithium Batteries.” Nat. Energy 4 (2019) 180–186.  DOI: <a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><font color="#0066cc"></font></span></a>.</p><p><br>Z. Chu, X. Feng, B. Liaw, Y. Li, L. Lu, J. Li, X. Han, M. Ouyang, "Testing lithium-ion battery with the internal reference electrode: An insight into the blocking effect." J. Electrochem. Soc. 165 (2018) A2340–3248.</p><p><br>S.C. Nagpure, T.R. Tanim, E.J. Dufek, V.V. Viswanathan, A.J. Crawford, S.M. Wood, J. Xiao, C.C. Dickerson, B. Liaw, “Impacts of lean electrolyte on cycle life for rechargeable Li metal batteries.” J. Power Sources 407 (2018) 53–62.</p><p><br>S.M. Wood, C. Fang, E.J. Dufek, S.C. Nagpure, S.V. Sazhin, B. Liaw, Y.S. Meng, “Predicting calendar aging in lithium metal secondary batteries: The impacts of solid electrolyte interphase composition and stability.“ Adv. Energy Mater. (2018) 1801427.</p><p><br>T.R. Tanim, M.G. Shirk, R.L. Bewley, E.J. Dufek, B.Y. Liaw, “Fast charge implications: Pack and cell analysis and comparison.” J. Power Sources 381 (2018) 56–65.</p><p><br>D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Operando lithium plating quantification and early detection of a commercial LiFePO4 cell cycled under dynamic driving schedule.” J. Power Sources 356 (2017) 36–46.</p><p><br>Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “On state-of-charge determination for lithium-ion batteries.” J. Power Sources 348 (2017) 281–301.</p><p><br>Y. Liu, Z. Lou, S. Song, K. Wu, N. Wu, J. Huang, J. Zhang, B.Y. Liaw, “Electrochemical investigations on the degradation mechanism of lithium-ion power battery with LiMn2O4 + LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 blended positive electrode.” J. Automotive Safety and Energy 7 (2016) 313–321.</p><p><br>A. Devie, M. Dubarry, H-P. Wu, T-H. Wu, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell II. Experimental investigation of the degradation mechanism.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A2611–2617.</p><p><br>D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Fast charging technique for high power LiFePO4 batteries: a mechanistic analysis of aging.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 201–209.</p><p><br>M. Provera, Z. Han, K. Honda, B.Y. Liaw, W.W. Su, “Electrochemical power generation from culled papaya fruits.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A1457–A1459.<br>M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell-balancing currents in parallel strings of a battery system.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 36–46.</p><p><br>L. Su, J. Zhang, J. Huang, H. Ge, Z. Li, F. Xie, B.Y. Liaw, “Path dependence of lithium ion cells aging under storage conditions.” J. Power Sources 315 (2016) 35–46.</p><p><br>J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “Graphical analysis of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data in Bode and Nyquist representations.” J. Power Sources 309 (2016) 82–98.</p><p><br>J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, S. Song, N. Wu, J. Zhang, “Entropy coefficient of a blended electrode in a lithium-ion cell.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A2367–A2371.</p><p><br>S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Inline state of health estimation of lithium-ion batteries using state of charge calculation.” J. Power Sources 299 (2015) 246–254.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part IV. Over-discharge phenomena.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1787–A1792.</p><p><br>J. Xiao, J.Z. Hu, H. Chen, M. Vijayakumar, J. Zheng, H. Pan, E.D. Walter, M. Hu, X. Deng, J. Feng, B.Y. Liaw, M. Gu, Z.D. Deng, D. Lu, S. Xu, C. Wang, J. Liu, “Following the transient reactions in lithium-sulfur batteries using an in situ nuclear magnetic resonance technique.” Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 3309−3316. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521.</p><p><br>A. Devie, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell I. Quantitative diagnosis of degradation modes.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1033–A1040.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge determination in lithium-ion battery packs based on two-point measurements in life.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A877–A884.</p><p><br>B. Sun, J. Jiang, F. Zheng, W. Zhao, B.Y. Liaw, H. Ruan, Z. Han, W. Zhang, “Practical state of health estimation of power batteries based on Delphi method and grey relational grade analysis.” J. Power Sources 282 (2015) 146–157.</p><p><br>Q. Wang, J. Zheng, E. Walter, H. Pan, D. Lv, P. Zuo, H. Chen, Z.D. Deng, B.Y. Liaw, X. Yu, X.-Q. Yang, J.-G. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Xiao, “Direct observation of sulfur radicals as reaction media in lithium sulfur batteries.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A474–A478.</p><p><br>Z. Guo, B.Y. Liaw, X. Qiu, L. Gao, C. Zhang, “Optimal charging method for lithium ion batteries using a universal voltage protocol accommodating aging.” J. Power Sources 274 (2015) 957–964. (<a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><font color="#0066cc"></font></span></a>)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “The value of battery diagnostics and prognostics” J. Energy Power Sources 1 (2014) 242–249.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell degradation in commercial LiFePO4 cells with high-power and high-energy designs” J. Power Sources 258 (2014) 408–419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.02.052)</p><p><br>C. Truchot, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge estimation and uncertainty for lithium-ion battery strings.” Appl. Energy 119 (2014) 218–227.</p><p><br>S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Improved extended Kalman filter for state of charge estimation of battery pack,” J. Power Sources 255 (2014) 368–376. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.093)</p><p><br>Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, V. Metzler, J. Zhang, “A review of lithium deposition in lithium-ion and lithium metal secondary batteries,” J. Power Sources 254 (2014) 168–182. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.099)</p><p><br>Z. Guo, X. Qiu, G. Hou, B.Y. Liaw, C. Zhang, “State of health estimation for lithium ion batteries based on charging curves,” J. Power Sources 249 (2014) 457–462. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.114)</p><p><br>R. Eustis, T.M. Tsang, B. Yang, D.M. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Seeking effective dyes as mediators for a reducing-sugar-air alkaline battery/fuel cell” J. Power Sources 248 (2014) 1133–1140. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.022)</p><p><br>S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “A novel on-board state-of-charge estimation method for aged Li-ion batteries based on model adaptive extended Kalman filter” J. Power Sources 245 (2014) 337–344. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.108)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Synthesize battery degradation modes via a diagnostic and prognostic model,” J. Power Sources 219 (2012) 204–216. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.016)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III. Aging through temperature excursions,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 160 (2012) A191–A199. </p><p><br>M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, M-S. Chen, S-S. Chyan, K-C. Han, W-T. Sie, S-H. Wu, “Identifying battery aging mechanisms in large format Li ion cells,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3420–3425. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.029)</p><p><br>M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, “Effect of discharge rate on charging a lead-acid battery simulated by mathematical model,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3414–3419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.089)</p><p><br>K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, M. Cugnet, “Investigation of path dependence in commercial lithium-ion cells chosen for plug-in hybrid vehicle duty cycle protocols,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3395–3403. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.058)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part I. Initial characterizations,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10328–10335. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.077)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part II. Degradation mechanism under 2C cycle aging,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10336–10343. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.078)</p><p><br>D.M. Scott, T.H. Tsang, L. Chetty, S. Aloi, B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic understanding of monosaccharide-air flow battery electrochemistry,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10556-10562. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.082)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “Origins and accommodation of cell variations in Li-ion battery pack modeling,” Int. J. Energy Res. 34 (2010) 216–231.<br>B.Y. Liaw, “Tackle hurdles in battery technology emerging in future smart applications,” Electrochemistry 78 (2010) 317.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “From single cell model to battery pack simulation for Li-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 186 (2009) 500–507. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.10.051)</p><p><br>D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Harnessing electric power from monosaccharides ― A carbohydrate-air alkaline fuel cell mediated by redox dyes,” Energy Environ. Sci. 2 (2009) 965–969.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Identify capacity fading mechanism in a commercial LiFePO4 Cell,” J. Power Sources 194 (2009) 541–549. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.05.036)</p><p><br>M.J. Cooney, C. Lau, M. Windmeisser, B.Y. Liaw, T. Klotzbach, S.D. Minteer, “Design of chitosan gel pore structure: towards enzyme catalyzed flow-through electrodes,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 667.</p><p><br>D.M. Sun, D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “A potential reconstitution platform for PQQ-dependent apo-enzymes,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 11 (2008) B101.</p><p><br>V. Svoboda, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Minteer, E. Piles, D. Lehnert, S. Calabrese Barton, R. Rincon, P. Atanassov, “Standardized characterization of electrocatalytic electrodes,” Electroanalysis 20 (2008) 1099.</p><p><br>V. Svoboda, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ transient study of polymer nano-film growth via simultaneous correlation of charge, mass, and ellipsometric measurements,” Pure Applied Chem. 80 (2008) 2439–2449.</p><p><br>D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “Sustainable current generation from the ammonia - polypyrrole interaction,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 3216–3222.</p><p><br>J.C. Viera, M. González, B.Y. Liaw, F.J. Ferrero, J.C. Álvarez, J.C. Campo, C. Blanco, “Characterization of 109 Ah Ni–MH batteries charging with hydrogen sensing termination,” J. Power Sources 171 (2007) 1040–1045. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.05.101)</p><p><br>V. Svoboda, M.J. Cooney, C. Rippolz, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ characterization of electrochemical polymerization of methylene green on platinum electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154 (2007) D113–116.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity and power fading mechanism identification from a commercial cell evaluation,” J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 566–572. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.046)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity loss in rechargeable lithium cells during cycle life testing: The importance of determining state-of-charge,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 1121–1125. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.185)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Development of a universal modeling tool for rechargeable lithium batteries,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 856–860. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.157)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 366–372. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.237)</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “From driving cycle analysis to understanding battery performance in real-life electric hybrid vehicle operation,” in the Special Issue on Hybrid Electric Vehicles, J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 76–88. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.010)</p><p><br>S.D. Minteer, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “Enzyme-based biofuel cells,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology (invited) 18 (2007) 228–234.</p><p><br>P. Atanassov, C. Apblett, S. Banta, S. Brozik, S. Calabrese Barton, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Mukerjee, S.D. Minteer, “Enzymatic biofuel cell,” Interface 16 (2007) 28–31.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, T. Quinn, “Vehicle evaluation, battery modeling, and fleet-testing experiences in Hawaii: A roadmap to understanding evaluation data and simulation,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 5 (2007) 1033−1042.</p><p><br>W. Johnston, N. Maynard, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “In situ measurement of activity and mass transfer effects in enzyme immobilized electrodes,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39 (2006) 131.</p><p><br>D.M. Jenkins, B. Chami, M. Kreuzer, G. Presting, A.M. Alvarez, B.Y. Liaw, “Hybridization probe for femtomolar quantification of selected nucleic acid sequences on a disposable electrode,” Anal. Chem. 78 (2006) 2314.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Incremental capacity analysis and close-to-equilibrium OCV measurements to quantify capacity fade in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9 (2006) A454–457.</p><p><br>A., Konash, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, D.M. Jameson, “Characterization of enzyme-polymer interaction using fluorescence,” J. Materials Chem. 16 (2006) 4107.</p><p><br>W.A. Johnston, B.Y. Liaw, R. Sapra, M.W.W. Adams, M.J. Cooney, “Design and characterization of redox enzyme electrodes: New perspectives on established techniques with application to an extremeophilic hydrogenase,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 36 (2005) 540.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling capacity fade in lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 140 (2005) 157.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, M. Bonnet, B. Dailliez, A. Teeters, B.Y. Liaw, “Analysis of electric vehicle usage of a Hyundai Santa Fe fleet in Hawaii,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 3 (2005) 657-663.</p><p><br>H. Wenzl, I. Baring-Gould, R. Kaiser, B.Y. Liaw, P. Lundsager, J. Manwell, A. Ruddell, V. Svoboda, “Life prediction of batteries for selecting the technically most suitable and cost effective battery,” J. Power Sources 144 (2005) 373.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Self-discharge and charge retention in AB2-based Ni-MH batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A137.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical simulation on fast charging Ni-MH traction batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A265.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, G. Nagasubramanian, R.G. Jungst, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling of lithium ion cells,” Solid State Ionics 175 (2004) 835.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, “Fuzzy-logic based driving pattern recognition for driving cycle analysis,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 2 (2004) 551.</p><p><br>R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, B.Y. Liaw, A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, D.H. Doughty, “Accelerated calendar and pulse life analysis of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 870.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, E.P. Roth, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Correlation of Arrhenius behaviors on power and capacity fades, impedance, and static heat generation in lithium ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 874–886. (doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00196-4)</p><p><br>A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, R.G. Jungst, B.Y. Liaw, “Inductive modeling of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 430.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, K.P. Bethune, X.G. Yang, “Advanced integrated battery testing and simulation,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 330–340. (PII: S0378-7753(02)00195-7)</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Reliable fast charge of nickel metal hydride batteries,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 51.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, K. Bethune, “Integrated battery simulation and characterization,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 217.</p><p><br>T. Quinn, B.Y. Liaw, “Electric vehicle rapid charging infrastructure in Hawaii,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1606, IEEE Transactions J. Engines (2001).</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Charge performance of a commercial nickel metal hydride EV battery system,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 148 (2001) A1023.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Rapid charge of traction nickel metal hydride batteries,” J. Power Sources 101 (2001) 158.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ electrochemical investigations of the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of nickel-metal hydride traction batteries,” J. Power Sources 102 (2001) 186.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Limiting process and mechanism in rapid charging Ni-MH cells,” Electrochimica Acta 47 (2001) 875.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, S.M. Li, M.M. Geng, B.Y. Liaw, “Modeling discharge and charge characteristics of nickel-metal hydride batteries,” Electrochimica Acta 44 (1999) 4525.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “The use of computer simulation in the evaluation of electric vehicle batteries,” J. Power Sources 75 (1998) 151.</p><p><br>C.Y. Wang, W.B. Gu, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, I. model development,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3407.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, II. Application to nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3418.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical modeling of coupled electrochemical and transport processes in lead-acid batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 144 (1997) 2053.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.E. Rocheleau, Q-H. Gao, “Thin film yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia,” Solid State Ionics 92 (1996) 85.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Electrochemical studies of kinetic properties of titanium- and vanadium-hydrogen systems at intermediate temperatures using molten salt techniques,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 142 (1995) 2196.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, Y. Ding, “Charging hydrogen into Ni in hydride-containing molten salts,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 63.</p><p><br>X.Z. Li, G.S. Huang, D.W. Mo, B.Y. Liaw, “The analysis of the neutron emission from the glow discharge in deuterium gas tube and the gas loading in palladium,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 384.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, P-L Tao, B.E. Liebert, “Helium analysis of palladium electrodes after molten-salt electrolysis,” Fusion Technology 23 (1993) 92.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, J. Liu, A. Menne, W. Weppner, “Kinetic principles for new types of solid state ionic gas sensors,” Solid State Ionics 53-56 (1992) 18.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Investigation of thermodynamic properties of the Ti-H system using molten salt electrolytes containing hydride ions,” J. Alloys and Compounds 189 (1992) 175.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, P-L. Tao, P. Turner, B.E. Liebert, “Elevated-temperature excess heat production in the Pd-D system,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 319 (1991) 161; err. 332 (1992) 371.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “Thermodynamic and structural considerations of insertion reactions in lithium vanadium bronze structures,” Solid State Ionics 45 (1991) 323.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors based on tetragonal zirconia polycrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 138 (1991) 2478.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors using tetragonal zirconia as solid electrolytes,” Solid State Ionics 40/41 (1990) 428.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Demonstration of a composite solid/liquid/ solid electrolyte configuration for hydrogen-related applications,” Z. Chem. Phys. N. F. 164 (1989) 1533.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, S.W. Orchard, C. Kutal, “Photobehavior of copper(I) compounds. 4. Role of the triplet-state of (arylphosphine)-copper(I) complexes in the photosensitized isomerization of dienes,” Inorg. Chem. 27(8) (1988) 1309.</p><p><br>G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Controlled electrolyte environments and their use for studying and modifying materials properties; potentials for employment in practical devices,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1078.</p><p><br>G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Hydrogen-conducting electrolyte configurations,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1084.</p><p><br>G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Novel electrochemical hydrogen sensors for use at elevated temperatures,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1660.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “The thermodynamics and kinetics of the gamma-lithium vanadium bronze structure,” Solid State Ionics 18/19 (1986) 828.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p></div>Advanced Vehicles;Energy Storage;Bioenergy Technologies;Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Fellow
Anudeep Medam MedamAnudeep Medam is a power and energy systems research engineer for Idaho National Laboratory. Since coming to the lab in 2015, his R&D focus has been on modeling power systems, system integration, co-simulation, and Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) testing. He has performed projects for the Vehicle Technological Office (VTO) and the Fuel Cell Technological Office (FCTO) while also collaborating with different groups within INL, other national labs and industry partners. He holds a master’s in electrical engineering from Arizona State University and a bachelor’s in electrical and electronics engineering from BNM Institute of Technology, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bangalore, India. Projects he has led include the real-time modeling and testing of the microgrid management system for the Blue Lake Rancheria in Northern California.<div class="ExternalClassE2078A838EDD413C857DB5CDE0234BB4"><p>​M.S., Electrical Engineering - Arizona State University</p><p>B.E., Electrical and Electronics Engineering - BNM Institute of Technology, <font size="3">Visvesvaraya Technological </font></p><font size="3"><p>University </p></font></div><div class="ExternalClass6B1074F54192498AB3EA303A9860154B"><p>​Zonggen Yi, Don Scoffield, John Smart, AndrewMeintz, Myungsoo Jun, ManishMohanpurkar, AnudeepMedam, “A highly efficient control framework for centralized residential charging coordination of large electric vehicle populations”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol 117, May 2020.</p><p><br>Fernando Dias, Manish Mohanpurkar, Anudeep Medam, Don Scoffield and Rob Hovsapian, “Impact of controlled and uncontrolled charging of electrical vehicles on a residential distribution grid”, 2018 IEEE International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Boise.</p><p><br>Yusheng Luo, Min Xian, Manish Mohanpurkar, Bishnu Bhattarai, Anudeep Medam, Rahul Kadavil and Rob Hovsapian, “Optimal Scheduling of Electrolyzer in Power Market with Dynamic Prices”, 2018 IEEE International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Boise.</p><p><br>Manish Mohanpurkar, Yusheng Luo, Anudeep Medam and Rob Hovsapian, “Real-time Modeling and Testing of Microgrid Management System for the Blue Lake Rancheria - Performance Assurance Report” for US Department of Energy (DOE).</p><p><br>Anudeep Medam, Paresh Nadig and Amarnath Mudradi, “Optimization Design of Tower Solar Power Generation Heliostat”, 2011 National Symposium on Instrumentation (NSI-35), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore</p></div>Advanced Vehicles;Energy Systems Research;Power and Energy Systems<div class="ExternalClass8BEBE321E03542D48DE51DB1681B56BE"><p><a href="">​LinkedIn</a></p></div>Power and Energy Systems Research Engineer
Chris Michelbacher MichelbacherChristopher J. Michelbacher is a research and design scientist/engineer for Idaho National Laboratory. His management and operating assignment is to increase INL’s brand exposure and confidence within DOE-EERE (Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy); support INL market area leads; support Vehicle Technologies Office personnel with technical program oversight/management; and advance a vehicle-centric cybersecurity initiative within the Sustainable Transportation division at DOE-EERE. He received his bachelor’s in mechanical engineering from Montana State University and is pursuing a master’s in business administration at George Washington University.Advanced Vehicles Computing;Energy Storage and Design Scientist/Engineer
Shawn Salisbury SalisburyShawn Salisbury works in the INL’s Energy Storage and Transportation Systems department as a vehicle testing engineer. Shawn comes to INL from Ft. Collins, Colo., where he recently earned his master’s in mechanical engineering at Colorado State University. As a graduate student, Shawn led CSU's ECOCar team to design, build, and test a full-size highway capable plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicle. He and his teammates were highly recruited by major auto companies because of their ECOCar experience. Shawn's academic and practical experience and prior INL internship will allow him to make immediate contributions to INL's vehicle and battery testing work. <div class="ExternalClass0177B9D7E9854A6D95F3A892F46BC6F0"><p>​M.S., Mechanical Engineering - Colorado State University</p><p>B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Colorado State University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass45D3B790965F4870B4846DB481F4433D"><p>​Salisbury, S., Bradley, T., Bucher, J., and Geller, B., “Detailed Analysis of a Fuel Cell Plug-in Hybrid Demonstration,” SAE International, 2014-01-1925, 2014.</p><p><br>Smart, J., Bradley, T., and Salisbury, S., "Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts," SAE Int. J. Alt. Power. 3(1):30-35, 2014.</p><p><br>Salisbury, S.D., Geller, B.M., Bradley, T.H., and Fox, M., “Detailed Design of a Fuel Cell Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle,” SAE International, 2013-01-0560, 2013. </p><p><br>Bradley, T.H., et. al., “Design of a Fuel Cell Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle in a Range Extending Configuration by Colorado State University for the EcoCAR2 Competition,” SAE International, 2012-01-1765, 2012.</p></div>Advanced Vehicles Testing Engineer
Don Scoffield ScoffieldDon R. Scoffield is a vehicle systems engineer at Idaho National Laboratory who collects and analyzes data from plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), hybrid electric vehicles, and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE).  Don is a power system engineer who is currently carrying out the power quality testing of production PEVs and EVSEs at the INL.  Don has over 10 years of experience in software development and data analysis.  He has been the primary developer of several large software development projects.  He wrote the software for an EVSE that automates the characterization of PEV charging across any number of distinct charge rates.  He has developed software that uses triangulation to determine the most likely locations where PEVs park.  Don has also developed several tools used to post process data from PEV data loggers as well as data from simulation tools.  Prior to working at the INL Don worked at the Western Electricity Coordinating Council where he ran production cost simulations on the western interconnection.  He holds a bachelor’s in electrical engineering and is pursuing his master’s degree through the University of Idaho.<div class="ExternalClassAC2532994BDC4A7CB1222E9D818660C0"><p>​B.S., Electrical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass72011D07F32845D98672EE58EECF3142"><p>Markel et al. (2015 May). Multi‐Lab EV Smart Grid Integration Requirements Study.Technical Report NREL/TP‐5400‐63963.</p><p> </p><p>Schey S., Scoffield D., Smart J. (2012 May). A First Look at the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Electric Grid in the EV Project. Paper presented at the Electric Vehicle<br>Symposium 26, Los Angeles, CA.</p></div>Advanced Vehicles Systems Engineer
Matt Shirk ShirkMatthew Shirk is a research engineer at the Idaho National Laboratory and a principal investigator of high-power battery electrochemical characterization and performance testing. He has collected and analyzed advanced vehicle, sub-system and infrastructure test data to create fact sheets and reports; prepared custom analyses for data customers; directed and supported experiment design, data logging installation and programming; and presented research findings at meetings and international conferences. He holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees in mechanical engineering from Pennsylvania State University. <div class="ExternalClass7BB0296B05524433A4ED76038B205F18"><p>​M.S., Mechanical Engineering - Pennsylvania State University</p><p>​B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Pennsylvania State University</p></div>Advanced Vehicles;Energy Storage Engineer
John Smart SmartJohn Smart is group lead for advanced vehicles research in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage and Transportation Systems Department. He has 15 years of experience leading cross-functional teams in automotive research and product development, including leading internationally recognized research projects in partnership with automotive and electric utility industry experts. Before coming to INL in 2007, he worked for Ford Motor Co. in Powertrain Product Development. At Ford, he also completed rotational assignments in hybrid vehicle research and development, vehicle performance testing for powertrain controls development, and manufacturing operations. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering from Brigham Young University.<div class="ExternalClass2D25FEBB737B475BBBBBA63495F5758F"><p>​B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClassC604ACF66AB84932A0BDD67975E646D7"><p>​Smart, J., "Plugged In: How Americans Charge Their Electric Vehicles," Technical Report INL/EXT-15-35584, September 2015.</p><p> </p><p>Markel, T., Meintz, A., Hardy, K., Chen, B., Bohn, T., Smart, J., Scoffield, D., Hovsapian, R., Saxena, S., MacDonald, J., Kiliccote, S., Kahl, K., Pratt R., "Multi-Lab EV Smart Grid Integration Requirements Study," Technical Report NREL/TP-5400-63963, May 2015.</p><p> </p><p>Smart, J., Bradley, T., and Salisbury, S., "Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts," SAE Int. J. Alt. Power, 3(1), 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1803.</p><p> </p><p>Smart J., Schey S, Powell W., "Extended Range Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project," SAE technical paper no. 2013-01-1441, 2013.</p><p> </p><p>Schey S., Scoffield D., Smart J., "A First Look at the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Electric Grid in the EV Project," Electric Vehicle Symposium 26, Los Angeles, CA, May 2012.           </p><p> </p><p>Smart J, Schey S., "Battery Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project," SAE technical paper no. 2012-01-0199, 2012.</p><p> </p><p>J. Gondor, J. Smart, R. Carlson, "Deriving In-Use PHEV Fuel Economy Predictions from Standardized Test Cycle Results," IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC'09),  Dearborn, MI, September 2009.</p><p> </p><p>M. Duoba, R. Carlson, F. Jehlik, J. Smart, S. White, "Correlating Dynamometer Testing to In-Use Fleet Results of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles," International Electric Vehicle Symposium 24, Stavanger, Norway, May 2009. </p></div>Advanced Vehicles<div class="ExternalClass95A04162774643A384AF9168EB7BDEED"><p><a href="">LinkedIn</a></p></div>Group Lead, Business Development Lead - Advanced Vehicles
Ron Stewart StewartRon Stewart is project technical leader in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage and Transportation Systems Department. For more than 15 he has been the team lead and project manager for a small team of Web application developers focused on solving performance problems for organizations within the Federal Government and at INL. He has more than 30 years of professional experience in software engineering, application architecture, and application development on a variety of hardware and software platforms. He holds a bachelor’s in computer science from University of Idaho and has been previously certified as a project management professional with the Project Management Institute.<div class="ExternalClassFA0D59ABC7124EE895539C48DCB229B1"><p>​B.S., Computer Science - University of Idaho</p><font face="ArialMT" size="2"><font face="ArialMT" size="2"><p>Project Management Professional (PMP) Certification, Project Management Institute</p></font></font></div>Advanced Vehicles Computing Manager - Transportation Systems
Derek Wadsworth WadsworthDerek Wadsworth is relationship manager for Idaho National Laboratory’s Unmanned Aircraft System program. He has represented INL at national conferences, with government agencies (FAA, DOI, DoD, DOT, State of Idaho), and industry/academia partners. He has successfully established a relationship with the Defense Department and secured funding for a multi-year $25 million program. He holds a master’s in mechanical engineering from Purdue University and a bachelor’s in mechanical engineering from Brigham Young University. Before becoming involved with UAS he was manager of INL’s Robotics and Intelligent Systems Department. In 2011 he received the INL Laboratories Director Award.<div class="ExternalClass3943F7D2EDD64BB1A7870F9138A53751"><p>​M.S., Mechanical Engineering - Purdue University</p><p>B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass6FECF6CFC2CA41A681CC699B8EB81D2D"><p>"Cooling of a multichip electronic module by means of confined two-dimensional jets of dielectric liquid ", <em>ASME Journal of Heat Transfer</em>, Vol. 112, pp. 891-898, (1990).</p><p> </p><p>"Critical heat flux from a simulated chip to a confined rectangular impinging jet of dielectric fluid", <em>International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer</em>, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 1465-1479, (1991).</p><p> </p><p>"Enhancement of Single-Phase Heat Transfer and Critical Heat Flux From an Ultra-High-Flux Simulated Microelectronic Heat Source to a Rectangular Impinging Jet of Dielectric Liquid", <em>Presented at the ASME/JSME Joint Conference on Electronic Packaging</em>, San Jose, California, April 8-12, 1992.  Paper Received Best Paper Award at the Conference.</p><p> </p><p>"Enhancement of Single-Phase Heat Transfer and Critical Heat Flux From an Ultra-High-Flux Simulated Microelectronic Heat Source to a Rectangular Impinging Jet of Dielectric Liquid", Technical Note, <em>International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer</em>, Vol. 114, No. 3, pp. 764-768, August 1992.</p><p> </p><p>"Phenomena-Based Thermal-Hydraulic Modeling Requirements for Systems Analysis of a Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor," <em>Nuclear Engineering and Design</em>, Vol. 136, No.3, pp. 319-334, August 1992.</p><p> </p><p>"Treating Asphericity in Fuel Particle Pressure Vessel Modeling," <em>Journal of Nuclear Materials</em>, Vol. 211, pp. 57-69, March 1994.</p><p> </p><p>"Computer Assisted Mechanical Separation of Fort St. Vrain Graphite Fuel," Presented at the 8th Annual INEL Computing Symposium, October 4-7, 1994.</p><p> </p><p>"Computer-Automated Fuel Handling System," Presented at the International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Committee Meeting in Albuquerque NM, December 5-9, 1994.</p><p> </p><p>"Fuel Particle Failure Probabilities and Material Strengths Determined From Crush Test Data,"  <em>Nuclear Technology</em>, 1995.</p><p> </p><p>"The Modified Brokk Demolition Machine with Remote Console," International Federation of Automation and Control, 2001.</p><p> </p><p>"Advanced Robotic Technologies for Remote Environmental Surveillance," International Federation of Automation and Control, 2001.</p><p> </p><p>"Autonomous Aerial Robotic Systems for Environmental Monitoring," American Nuclear Society Spectrum 2002.</p><p> </p><p>"Development of the Auto-Steering Software and Equipment Technology (ASSET)," International Society for Optical Engineering, 2003.</p><p> </p><p>"Intelligent Unmanned Vehicle Systems Suitable for Individual or Cooperative Missions," International Society for Optical Engineering, 2007.</p><p> </p><p>"Using Multiple Unmanned Systems for a Site Security Task," International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009.</p></div>Advanced Vehicles<div class="ExternalClassCAAD0DE941E341B4A870AE40B424460D"><p><a href="">LinkedIn</a></p></div>Program Manager - Autonomous Systems