The development and deployment of batteries in new, diverse applications requires that the batteries function in the necessary environment. This requires a deep understanding of battery performance, life, and expected failure mechanisms. In the past, the primary means to advance knowledge on performance and life was to test batteries for extended periods of time under a range of different scenarios. This testing of batteries can take more than a year just to make reasonable estimations of life and clearly identify failure modes and rates. The need to shorten the design and testing cycle is critical to bringing new battery chemistries and cell designs into emerging applications such as in stationary energy storage to support EV-charging stations capable of XFC and to meet the demands of a changing mobility landscape. A combination of
physics-based life models and machine learning (ML) provides the opportunity to enable more-robust assessment of battery aging, failure-mechanism identification, and understanding as new use-case scenarios are proposed. The current program sponsored by DOE is focused on means to apply ML to enhance the estimation of life while also identifying key failure pathways. INL researchers look at early life-cycle data (experimental or synthetic), identity key electrochemical signatures regarding different dominant aging modes, and then classify them in an ML framework for identifying key changes happening within component levels in a battery for a particular application. This step is crucial for providing feedback on battery early design revision and/or optimization. The advanced prognostics capability on battery life and performance along with the underlying dominating aging modes, which are typically path dependent, are achieved by using and combining multiple modeling toolsets—e.g., quantitative incremental-capacity-based deep learning, CellSage-Kinetic & Transient Analyses (KTA) (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V4P93KrEL1o), reduced-order modeling, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) life modeling—all in an automatic ML framework.
Research Contact: Tanvir Tanim - Phone: (208) 526-5713 - Tanvir.Tanim@inl.gov
Eric Dufek - Phone: (208) 526-2132 - Eric.Dufek@inl.gov