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​Clean Energy & Transportation Leadership


 

 

 

Richard Boardman, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=216Richard Boardman, Ph.D.Dr. Richard Boardman oversees the INL Clean Energy Platform for Integrated Energy Systems development. His staff develops computational tools and test facilities supporting the design, assessment, integration, optimization, and control of industry-scale hybrid energy systems. Hybrid energy systems operate in a closely-coupled, dynamic manner to enhance the systems technical, economic, and environmental performance. Boardman is also responsible for coordination of DOE Laboratories, government, universities, regional stakeholders, and industry for this effort. After receiving his doctorate in chemical engineering from Brigham Young University, he worked for Exxon Production Research and Geneva Steel Mill, then joined Idaho National Laboratory in 1990.  His personal expertise includes combustion, gasification, synthetic fuels process development, gas cleanup, and atmospheric environmental chemistry.<div class="ExternalClass78F7444E82ED496C83757B81A52F9E63"><p>​Ph.D., Chemical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p><p>Integrated B.S./M.S., Chemical Engineering - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClassE3C7ED4F7B07405EA24C690A4CA24818"><p>American Institute of Chemical Engineers</p><p>Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society</p><p>Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society</p><p>Idaho Academy of Sciences</p></div><div class="ExternalClassAA3EC07FE5D54372B3C3B3ABBFD28A1E"><p>(2014) M.F. Ruth, O.R. Zinaman, M. Antkowiak, R.D. Boardman, R.S. Cherry, M.D. Bazilian, “Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid Energy Systems: Opportunities, Interconnections, and Needs,” Energy Conversion and Management 78, 684–694</p><p> </p><p>(2013) R.D. Boardman, M.B. Bearden, et al., Logistics, Costs, and GHG Impacts of Utility-Scale Cofiring with 20% Biomass, Joint Idaho National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Technical Report, INL/EXT-12-25252; PNNL-22320</p><p> </p><p>(2012) R.S. Cherry, S.E. Aumeier, and R.D. Boardman, “Large Hybrid Energy Systems for Making Low CO2 Load-Following Power and Synthetic Fuel,” Energy Environ. Sci. 2012, 5, 5489</p><p> </p><p>(2012) J.S. Tumuluru, R.D. Boardman, C.T. Wright, J.R. Hess, “Some Chemical Compositional Changes in Miscanthus and White Oak Sawdust Samples During Torrefaction,” Energies, 2012, 5, 3928-3947</p><p> </p><p>(2012) J.S. Tumuluru, T. Kremer, C.T. Wright, R.D. Boardman, “Proximate and Ultimate Composition Changes in Corn Stover during Torrefaction using Themogravimetic Analysis and Microwaves,” 2012 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Dallas, Texas, Paper 121337298, July 29-August 1, 2012</p><p> </p><p>(2012) J.S. Tumuluru, J.R. Hess, R.D. Boardman, C.T. Wright, T.L. Westover, “Formulation, Pretreatment, and Densification Options to Improve Biomass Specification for Co-Firing High Percentages with Coal,” Industrial Biotechnology, Vol. 8, No. 3, June 2012</p><p> </p><p>(2012) J.S. Tumuluru, R.D. Boardman, C.T. Wright, “Response Surface Analysis of Elemental Composition and Energy Properties of Corn Stover During Torrefaction, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2012</p><p> </p><p>(2011) R.D. Boardman, R.A. Wood, A.M. Gandrik, T.K. Foulke, D.A. Bell, W.C. Schaffers, The Feasibility of Sitting Coal Gasification and Synfuels Plants in Wyoming, INL/EXT-11-22510, June 2011</p><p> </p><p>(2011) L.O. Nelson, E. Robertson, R.A. Wood, A.M. Gandrik, M.G. McKellar, R.D. Boardman, Integration of High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors into Select Industrial Process Application, INL/EXT-11-23008, August, 2011</p><p> </p><p>(2011) L.O. Nelson, R.A. Wood, A.M. Gandrik, M.G. McKellar, R.D. Boardman, Integration of High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors into Industrial Process Application, INL/EXT-11-23008, May, 2010</p><p> </p><p>(2011) S.E. Aumeier, R.S. Cherry, R.D. Boardman, and J. Smith, “Nuclear Hybrid Energy Systems:  Imperative, Prospects and Challenges, Energy Procedia, 7, 51-54</p><p> </p><p>(2010) J.S. Tumuluru, S. Sokhansanj, C.T. Wright, R.D. Boardman, Biomass Torrefaction Process Review and Moving Bed Torrefaction System Model Development, INL/EXT-10-19569, August, 2010</p><p> </p><p>(2010) R.D. Boardman, J.S. Shankar Tumuluru, C.T. Wright, and G.L. Gresham, “Methods for Determining Chemical Mechanisms of Biomass Torrefaction,” Proceedings of the 2010 AIChE Annual Meeting, Paper #197543, Salt Lake City, Utah, November, 2010</p><p> </p><p>(2008) K. Omar, R.D. Boardman, R.A. Carrington, “Evaluation of Oil Shale for Multi-Pollutant Emission Control from Coal Combustion,” 33rd Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, (Vol. 2) 830-815, June 2008</p><p> </p><p>(2005) R.D. Boardman, H.J. Gatley, B.D. Phillips, “EPA SBIR Phase I Final Report, Novel Process for the Management and Mitigation of Tar and Oil Byproducts from Solid Waste Gasification,” Contract No. EP-D-05-046, Project No. Pr-NC-04-10311</p><p> </p><p>(2005)  R.D. Boardman, R.A. Carrington, Design and Testing of Differential Reactor and Novel Sorbents for Multi-Pollutant Control, INL/EXT-05-0001</p><p> </p><p>(2005) R.D. Boardman, R.A. Carrington, and R. Wood, FutureGen Supporting Technologies Study—FutureGen Plant Evaluation, INL/EXT-05-0004</p><p> </p><p>(2004) R.D. Boardman, M.K. Clemens, J.A. Del Debbio, R.J. Kirkham, R. Geosits, “Zero Release Mixed Waste Process Facility Design and Testing,” Proceedings of Waste Management, 2004, Tucson, AZ, paper 4477, March 2004</p><p> </p><p>(2004) N.R. Soelberg, D.W. Marshall, R.D. Boardman, “Fluidized-Bed Steam Reforming for Mixed and Radioactive Wastes,” Proceedings of Waste Management, 2004, Tucson, AZ, paper 4495, March 2004</p><p> </p><p>(2004) R.D. Boardman, B.H. O’Brien, et. al., High Temperature MACT Calcination Test, INEEL/EXT 04-01625 </p><p> </p><p>(2001) R.D. Boardman, L.J. Young, N.R. Soelberg, NWCF Calciner Emissions Inventory- Final Report for the Phase IV Testing, INEEL/EXT-01-00260</p><p> </p><p>(1997) R.D. Boardman, Alternative Calcination Report, INEEL/EXT-97-00654</p><p> </p><p>(1996) W. Chen, L.D. Smoot, T.H. Fletcher, and R.D. Boardman, “A Computational Method for Determining Global Fuel-NO Rate Expressions. Part 1.” Energy & Fuels, 10, 1036</p><p> </p><p>(1995) R.D. Boardman, “Membrane, Selective Precipitation, and Freeze Crystallization Processes,” in Separation Techniques in Nuclear Waste Management, (T. Carleson, edt.), CRC Press, New York</p><p> </p><p>(1995) R.D. Boardman, J.A. Murphy, and L.F. Pincock, “Case Study of Selection Processes for INEL Wastes,” in Separation Techniques in Nuclear Waste Management, (T. Carleson, edt.), CRC Press, New York</p><p> </p><p>(1993) R.D. Boardman, C.N. Eatough, L.D. Smoot, and J. Germane, “Comparison of Measurements and Predictions of Flame Structure and Thermal NOx in a Swirling, Natural Gas Diffusion Flame,” Combustion Science and Technology, 93, 1-6</p><p> </p><p>(1993) R.D. Boardman and L.D. Smoot, “Pollution Formation and Control” in Fundamentals of Coal Combustion: For Clean and Efficient Use, (L.D. Smoot, edt.), Coal Science and Technology Volume 20, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands</p><p> </p><p>(1993) L.D. Smoot, R.D. Boardman, B.S. Brewster, B.S. Hill, and A.K. Folli, “Development and Application of an Acid Rain Precursor Model for Practical Furnaces,” Energy and Fuel, 7, 786</p><p> </p><p>(1992) R.D. Boardman, B.S. Brewster, Z. Haque, L.D. Smoot, and G.D. Silcox, “Modeling Sorbent Injection and Sulfur Capture in Pulverized Coal Combustion, Transactions of the ASME, FACT-Vol. 15, Air Toxic Reduction and Combustion Modeling</p><p> </p><p>(1988) R.D. Boardman and L.D. Smoot, “Prediction of Nitric Oxide in Advanced Combustion Systems,” AIChE Journal, 34, No. 9, 1573</p></div>https://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Richard%20Boardman.jpgLRM (Laboratory Relationship Manager) Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology Office
Eric Dufek, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=18Eric Dufek, Ph.D. Dr. Eric Dufek is the department manager for Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage & Advanced Vehicle Department, overseeing over 35 research scientists, engineers, postdoctoral researchers and interns. The department focuses on advanced transportation systems with an emphasis on use, analysis and controls for electric vehicle infrastructure, the development, evaluation and identification of technology gaps for advanced battery technologies and analysis of current and future mobility systems. His research interests are in electrochemical systems with an emphasis on Li metal and Li-ion batteries. He has focused primarily on methods to better understand failure modes for batteries impact life and performance. This work has included how to enhance the life for high energy batteries as well as increasing the ability of batteries to charge at high rates. He has published over 40 peer reviewed journal articles in the fields of electrochemistry, batteries, interface modification, immunoassay development and corrosion. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from the University of South Dakota and his doctorate in Analytical Chemistry (Electrochemistry) from the University of Wyoming. Before joining INL in 2010 he was a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Utah.​​​ <div class="ExternalClass1A9DCFE8C3AC4C64BE55E60E7DB20A77"><p>​Ph.D., Analytical (Electrochemistry) Chemistry - University of Wyoming</p><p>B.S., Chemistry - University of South Dakota</p></div><div class="ExternalClass2DB8B80C76C84D7285EDF667E0E4AF30"><p>​Electrochemical Society<br>American Chemical Society<br>Reviewer for Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Journal of Power Sources and International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems and Journal of Applied Electrochemistry<br>Proposal reviewer for the Vehicle Technologies Office in DOE-EERE, and DOE-OS Basic Energy Sciences<br>Program Chair 2015 Northwest Regional (NORM) American Chemical Society Meeting<br>Local American Chemical Society (Idaho Section) Chair Elect and Chair of Local Section </p></div><div class="ExternalClass4FD4BBB91E2F467986085A4AC757AAA3"><p><strong>Peer Reviewed Publications:</strong></p><p><span aria-hidden="true"></span>“Challenges of future high power wireless power transfer for light-duty electric vehicles – technology and risk assessment” B. Zhang, R.B. Carlson, J.G. Smart, E.J. Dufek, B.Y. Liaw, eTransportation, 2 (2019), 100012.</p><p><br>“Electrochemical quantification of Li Plating: Challenges and Considerations” T.R. Tanim, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, S.M. Wood, J. Electrochem. Soc., 166 (2019), A2689-A2696.</p><p><br>“Extreme Fast Charge Challenges for Lithium-ion Battery: Variability and Positive Electrode Issues” T.R. Tanim, et. Al, J. Electrochem. Soc, 166 (2019), A1926-A1938.</p><p><br>“Safety Aspects of Energy Storage Testing”, R. Bewley, E.J. Dufek, S.E. Egan, D.K. Jamison, C. Ashton, C.D. Ho, M.C. Evans, T.L Bennett, J. Electrochem. Soc., 166 (2019), E263-E265.</p><p><br>“Pathways for Practical High-Energy Long-cycling Lithium Metal Batteries” Jun Liu et. al,  Nature Energy, 4 (2019), 180-186.</p><p><br>“Critical Parameters for Evaluating Coin Cells and Pouch Cells of Rechargeable Li-metal Batteries” Shuru Chen, et. al., Joule, 3 (2019), 1094-1105. </p><p><br>“Implications of Local Current Density Variations on Lithium Plating Affected by Cathode Particle Size” A. W. Abboud, E.J.Dufek, B.Y. Liaw, J. Electrochem. Soc., 166 (2019), A667-A669.</p><p><br>“Impacts of lean electrolyte on cycle life for rechargeable Li metal batteries” S.C. Nagpure et. al., Journal of Power Sources, 407 (2018), 53-62.</p><p><br>“Predicting Calendar Aging in Lithium Metal Secondary Batteries: The Impacts of Solid Electrolyte Interphase Composition and Stability” S.M. Wood et. al, Advanced Energy Materials, 8 (2018), 1801427.</p><p><br>“Electrochemical Production of Syngas from CO2 Captured in Switchable Polarity Solvents” Luis A. Diaz et. al, Green Chemistry, 20 (2018), 620-626.</p><p><br>“Fast Charge Implications: Pack and Cell Comparison and Analysis” Tanvir R. Tanim, Matthew Shirk, Randy L. Bewley, Eric J. Dufek and Boryann Liaw, J. Power Sources, 381 (2018), 56-65 .</p><p> </p><p>“Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment” Shabbir Ahmed et. al. J. Power Sources, 367 (2017), 250-262.</p><p> </p><p>“Enabling fast charging – Vehicle Considerations” Andrew Meintz et. al J. Power Sources, 367 (2017), 216-227.</p><p> </p><p>“Enabling fast charging – Battery Thermal Considerations” Matthew Keyser et.al. J. Power Sources, 367 (2017), 228-236.<br></p><p><br></p><p>“Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment” Shabbir Ahmed et. al. J. Power Sources, 367 (2017), 250-262.</p><p> </p><p>“Enabling fast charging – Vehicle Considerations” Andrew Meintz et. al J. Power Sources, 367 (2017), 216-227.</p><p> </p><p>“Enabling fast charging – Battery Thermal Considerations” Matthew Keyser et.al. J. Power Sources, 367 (2017), 228-236.</p><p> </p><p>“Enabling fast charging – Infrastructure and Economic Considerations” Andrew Burnham et. al. J. Power Sources, 367 (2017) 237-249</p><p> </p><p>“Phosphoranimines containing cationic N-imidazolinium moieties” John R. Klaehn, Harry W. Rollins, Joshua S. McNally, Navamoney Arulsamy, Eric J. Dufek, Inorganica Chimica Acta (2017), 466, 254-265.</p><p> </p><p>“Enhancing Li-ion Battery Safety by Early Detection of Nascent Internal Shorts” S.V. Sazhin, E. J. Dufek, and K.L. Gering, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2017), 164(1), A6281-A6287.</p><p> </p><p>“Morphological Analysis and Synthesis for Understanding Electrode Microstructure Evolution as a Function of Applied Charge/Discharge Cycles” Michael V. Glazoff, Eric J. Dufek and Egor V. Shalashnikov, Applied Physics A (2016), 122, 894.</p><p><br>”Use of phosphoranimines to reduce carbonates in Li-ion battery electrolytes” Eric J. Dufek, John R. Klaehn, Josh S. McNally, Harry W. Rollins, and David K. Jamison Electrochimica Acta (2016), 209, 36-43.</p><p><br>“Density impact on performance of composite Si/graphite electrodes” Eric J. Dufek, Michael Picker, and Lucia M. Petkovic Journal of Applied Electrochemistry (2016), 46, 359.</p><p><br>“Selective fluorescence detection of Al(III) by dehydration of secondary alcohols in mixed DMSO/Aqueous Media” M. Alaparthi, K Mariappan, E.J. Dufek, M. Hoffman, and A.G. Sykes, RSC Advances (2016), 6, 11295.</p><p><br>“Electrodeposition as an alternate method for preparation of environmental samples for iodide by AMS” M.L. Adamic, T.E.Lister, E.J. Dufek, D.D Jenson, J.E. Olson, C. Vockenhuber, M.G. Watrous, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (2015), 361, 372.</p><p><br>“Unsaturated Phosphazenes as Co-solvents for Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes” Mason K. Harrup, Harry W. Rollins, David K. Jamison, Eric J. Dufek, Kevin L. Gering, Thomas A. Luther, Journal of Power Sources (2015), 278, 794.</p><p><br>“Fluorinated Phosphazene Co-solvents for Improved Thermal and Safety Performance in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes” Harry W. Rollins, Mason K. Harrup, Eric J. Dufek, David K. Jamison, Sergiy V. Sazhin, Kevin L. Gering, Dayna L. Daubaras, Journal of Power Sources (2014), 263, 66.</p><p><br>“Sampling dynamics for pressurized electrochemical cells” Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister and Simon G. Stone, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry (2014), 44, 849-855.</p><p><br>“Aluminum Electroplating on Steel from a Fused Bromide Electrolyte” Prabhat K. Tripathy, Laura A. Wurth, Eric J. Dufek, Tony Y. Gutknecht, Natalie J. Gese, Paula A. Hahn, Steven M. Frank, Guy L. Fredrickson, and J Stephen Herring, Surface and Coatings Technology (2014), 258, 652-663.</p><p><br>“Evaluation of the SEI using a multilayer spectroscopic ellipsometry model” Eric J. Dufek, ECS Electrochemistry Letters (2014), 3(11) A108-A111.</p><p><br>“Hybrid phosphazene anodes for energy storage applications” Eric J. Dufek, Mark L.Stone, David K. Jamison, Frederick F. Stewart, Kevin L. Gering, Lucia M. Petkovic, Aaron D. Wilson, Mason K. Harrup, Harry W. Rollins, Journal of Power Sources (2014), 267, 347-355.</p><p><br> “Chlor-syngas: Coupling of Two Electrochemical Technologies for Production of Commodity Chemicals” Tedd E. Lister and Eric J. Dufek, Energy & Fuels (invited special issue Accelerating Fossil Energy Technology Development), (2013), 27(8), 4244. </p><p><br>“Operation of a pressurized system for continuous reduction of CO2 ” Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister, Simon Stone, and Michael E. McIlwain, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, (2012), 159(9), F514.</p><p><br>“Influence of electrolytes and membranes on cell operation for syn-gas production” Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister and Michael E. McIlwain, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, (2012), 15(4), B48.</p><p><br>“Influence of S contamination on CO2 reduction at Ag electrodes” Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister, and Michael E. McIlwain, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, (2011), 158(11), B1384.</p><p><br> “Bench-Scale Electrochemical System for Generation of CO and Syn-Gas from CO2” Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister and Michael E. McIlwain, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, (2011), 41(6), 623.</p><p><br>“Competitive surface enhanced Raman scattering assay for the detection of 1,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D” Eric J. Dufek, Michael C. Granger, Tanya Sandrock, Sam L. Legge, Mark Herrman and Marc D. Porter, Analyst, (2010), 135, 2811-2817.</p><p><br> “Characterization of Zr(IV)-Phosphonate Thin Films which Inhibit O2 Reduction on AA2024-T3”, Eric J. Dufek and Daniel A. Buttry, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2009), 156(9), C322-C330.</p><p><br>“Inhibition of O2 Reduction on AA2024-T3 Using a Zr(IV)-Octadecyl Phoshonate Coating System”, Eric J. Dufek and Daniel A. Buttry.   Electrochemical and Solid State Letters (2008), 11(2), C9-C12.</p><p><br>“Dioxygen Reduction Affects Surface Oxide Growth and Dissolution on AA2024-T3”, Eric J. Dufek, Jesse Seegmiller, Reinaldo C. Bazito, and Daniel A. Buttry. Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2007), 154(9) C458-C464.</p><p><br>“Syntheses, Characterizations, and Properties of Electronically Perturbed 1,1’-Dimethyl-2,2’-bipyridinium Tetrafluoroborates”, Dong Zhang, Eric J. Dufek, and Edward L. Clennan. Journal of Organic Chemistry (2006), 71(1), 315-319.</p><p><br>“Structural and electronic features important to nπ*-ππ* inversion sensors: synthesis, luminescence, and electrochemical properties of sulfur and chlorine-containing macrocycles. Part 3.” Mariappan Kadarkaraisamy, Eric Dufek, Desire Lone Elk and Andrew G. Sykes. Tetrahedron (2005), 61(2), 479-484.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Book Chapters</strong></p><p>“Selecting Favorable Energy Storage Technologies for Nuclear Power” Samuel C. Johnson, F. Todd Davidson, Joshua D. Rhodes, Justin L. Coleman, Shannon M. Bragg-Sitton, Eric J. Dufek, Micheal E. Webber. Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy (2019), 119-175.</p><p><br>“Batteries-Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-ion Batteries” Hui Xiong, Eric J. Dufek and Kevin L. Gering. Comprehensive Energy Systems (2018), 629-662.</p><p><br>“Rotationally-Induced Hydrodynamics: Fundamentals and Applications to High Speed Bioassays”, Gufeng Wang, Jeremy D. Driskell, April A. Hill, Eric J. Dufek, Robert J. Lipert and Marc D. Porter, Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry (2010), 3 (1), 387-407.</p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><strong>Proceedings and Transactions</strong></p><p>“Enhancing Li-ion Battery Safety by Early Detection of Nascent Internal Shorts” Sergiy V. Sazhin, Eric J. Dufek and Kevin L. Gering, Electrochemical Society Transactions (2016), 73(1), 161-178.</p><p> </p><p>"Electrochemical Systems for Production of Syngas and Co-Products" Tedd E. Lister, Eric J. Dufek and Simon G. Stone <em>Electrochemical Society Transactions </em>(2013).</p><p> </p><p>"Bench-scale electrochemical production of synthesis gas" Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister and Michael E. McIlwain <em>2012 AIChE Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings</em> (2012).</p><p> </p><p>"Enhanced generation of syn-gas from the electroreduction of CO<sub>2</sub> at elevated pressure" Eric J. Dufek, Tedd E. Lister and Michael E. McIlwain <em>Preprints of Symposia-American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry </em>(2012), 57(1), 234-235.</p></div>https://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Eric3-800-cropped.jpgDepartment Manager for Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage & Advanced Transportation Department
J. Richard Hess, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=72J. Richard Hess, Ph.D.Dr. Hess has recently taken on the role of Director of the EERE Program Office. He oversees and leads development of top level strategic planning between EEST and DOE EERE to ensure high impact, integrated, and objective-driven EERE programs at INL. Richard is also the acting Director for the Systems Science and Engineering Division, which includes the departments of Systems Analyses and Engineering and Environmental and Geological Engineering. Richard managed INL’s Bioenergy Program, which focused on the cost-effective use of lignocellulosic crop residues in biorefining operations. He oversaw the preparation of a higher-value biomass feedstock, and also managed the design and construction of one of DOE’s five biomass demonstration units. Hess holds a doctorate in plant sciences from Utah State University, and master’s and bachelor’s degrees in botany from Brigham Young University. Following graduate school, he served as an Agriculture Congressional Science Fellow in the Washington, D.C., office of Sen. Thomas Daschle. In this role, he supported many important national agriculture research issues, including new and industrial uses of agricultural products, federal grain inspection standards and plant variety protection. <div class="ExternalClass680C154701744FEBB306FCAEF538E186"><p>​Ph.D., Plant Science - Utah State University</p><p>M.S., Botany - Brigham Young University</p><p>B.S., Botany - Brigham Young University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass1EC321EB70274CCABCC2C98BCCBF65CE"><div>American Society of Agronomy</div><div>Crop Science Society of America</div></div><div class="ExternalClass7DB1CFC44F2B40809B9B4DE0D47705E0"><div>​Hess JR, Kenney KL, Wright CT, Perlack R, Turhollow A (TBD) Corn stover availability for biomass conversion: situation analysis. Cellulose (Accepted for publication Spring 2009).</div><div><br> </div><div>Hess JR, Kenney KL, Ovard L, Searcy EM, Wright CT (2009) Uniform-format solid feedstock supply system: a commodity-scale design to produce an infrastructure-compatible bulk solid from lignocellulosic biomass. INL/EXT-08-14752 www.inl.gov/bioenergy/uniform-feedstock (Accessed 6 May 2009).</div><div><br> </div><div>Hess JR, Wright C, Kenney KL (2007) Cellulosic biomass feedstocks and logistics for ethanol production. Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining 1:181-190 https://inlportal.inl.gov/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_1830_12163_0_0_18/fulltext.pdf (Accessed 15 may 2009).</div><div><br> </div><div>Fales SL, Wilhelm WW, Hess JR (2007) Convergence of agriculture and energy II: Producing cellulosic biomass for biofuels. Ames, Iowa: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 2007.</div><div><br> </div><div>Mann, N. R.,  R. S. Herbst, V. Kochergin, J. R. Hess (2004) “A Concept for Enhanced Flux, Erosion Resistant Membranes for Biomass Separations,” Filtration Journal, Submitted for publication, 2004.</div><div><br> </div><div>Wright, Christopher T., Peter A. Pryfogle, Nathan A. Stevens, Eric D. Steffler, J. Richard Hess, and Thomas H. Ulrich (2004).  Biomechanics of Wheat/Barley Straw and Corn Stover.  The 26th Symposium of Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals held in Chattanooga, TN. May 9-12, 2004.</div><div><br> </div><div>Houghton, T.P., D.N. Thompson, J.R. Hess, J.A. Lacey, M.P. Wolcott, A. Schirp, K. Englund, D. Dostal, and F. Loge. (2004).  Fungal upgrading of wheat straw for straw-thermoplastics production. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 113-116:71-93.</div><div><br> </div><div>Hess JR, Foust TD, Wright L, Sokhansanj S, Cushman JH, Easterly JL, Erbach DC, Hettenhaus JR, Hoskinson RL, Sheehan JJ, Tagore S, Thompson DN, Turhollow A (2003) Roadmap for agriculture biomass feedstock supply in the United States. DOE/NE-ID-11129 http://devafdc.nrel.gov/pdfs/8245.pdf  (Accessed 6 May 2009).</div></div>Bioenergy Technologieshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Richard%20Hess.jpgDirector, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Office Program (EERE)
Boryann Liaw, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=305Boryann Liaw, Ph.D. Dr. Boryann Liaw currently is a Directorate Fellow at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). He joined INL in May 2016 as Department Manager of Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicles. The department operates Battery Technology Center (BTC), Non-destructive Battery Laboratory for Evaluation (NOBLE), and Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Laboratory (EVIL) with facility and a wide range of testing capabilities to conduct performance, reliability, safety, and failure analyses of energy storage systems, advanced vehicles, charging devices and infrastructure, grid and behind-the-meter storage, and cybersecurity studies. Since early 1990s, Dr. Liaw has been involved in R&D activities comprising laboratory and real-life battery and vehicle testing, data collection and analysis, battery modeling and simulation, battery performance and life prediction, battery fast charging technology development, and battery failure mode and effect analyses. Before joining INL, Dr. Liaw was a faculty member at University of Hawaii at Manoa for 28 years, co-founder of Ambient Micro and founder of High Power Research Laboratory. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from National Tsinghua University in Taiwan, his master’s in chemistry from University of Georgia, and doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University. Dr. Liaw is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society, actively involving in professional services which include membership in several editorial boards, executive boards and associate editorships. He is past President of International Battery Materials Association (IBA) and serves as scientific advisors for several international and national programs including Department of Energy’s Energy Frontier Research Center at Stony Brook University. His recent accomplishments include Asian American Engineer of the Year (2019) and IBA Technology Award (2020). <div class="ExternalClass8DFB2D417F704D988FB3616CACD8FCC9"><p>​Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering - Stanford University</p><p>M.S., Chemistry -  University of Georgia</p><p>B.S., Chemistry - National Tsing-Hua University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass54E7820846D04ECDB6216C63AC61EA2E"><p><strong></strong><strong>Publications</strong></p><p>C.-M. Lin, C.-F. Chang, W.-C. Hsieh, C.-W. Chang, Y. Zheng, S.-W. Yeh, C.-J. Su, Y.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Yu, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Kei, C.-H. Liao, K. S. Huang, K. T. Huang, D. Chen, W.-K. Chu, L.-W. Tu, P. V. Wadekar, T.-C. Leung, H.-W. Seo, B.-Y. Liaw, Q. Y. Chen, “Electrically tunable bandgaps for g-ZnO/ZnX (X =S, Se, Te) 2D semiconductor bilayers." <em>Vaccum</em> 192 (2021) 110386. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2021.110386">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2021.110386</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>C. Fang, B. Lu, G. Pawar, M. Zhang, D. Cheng, S. Chen, M. Ceja, J.-M. Doux, M. Cai, B. Liaw, Y. S. Meng, “Pressure-tailored highly-reversible lithium metal electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries." <em>Nat. Energy </em>6 (2021) 987–994. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00917-3">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00917-3</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>Z. Fang, M. Confer, Y. Wang, Q. Wang, M. R. Kunz, E. J. Dufek, B. Liaw, T. Klein, D. Dixon, R. Fushimi, “Formation of surface impurities on lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt oxides in the presence of CO<sub>2</sub> and H<sub>2</sub>O." <em>J. Am. Chem. Soc.</em> 143 (2021) 10261–10274. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.1c03812">https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.1c03812</a><br></p><p><br></p><p>Y. Luo, C. Chen, R. Kadavil, B. Liaw, E. Muljadi, X. Wu, S. Srivastava, T.M. Mosier, E.J. Dufek, “A novel framework for optimizing ramping capability of hybrid energy storage systems." <em>IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid</em> 12 (2021) 1651–1662. <a>doi:10.1109/TSG.2020.3023712</a><br></p><p><br></p><p>G. S. Mattei, Z. Li, A. A. Corrao, C. Niu, Y. Zhang, B. Liaw, C. C. Dickerson, J. Xiao, E. J. Dufek, P. G. Khalifah, “High-energy lateral mapping (HELM) studies of inhomogeneity and failure mechanisms in NMC622/Li pouch cells."<em> Chem. Mater. </em>33 (2021) 2378–2386. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c04537">https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c04537</a><br></p><p><br></p><p>Y. Zhang, R. Nguyen, B. Liaw, “Status and gaps in Li-ion battery supply chain: Importance of quantitative failure analysis." <em>Special Issue on Electric and Hybrid Vehicles </em>(Invited), eds. T. Mi, et al., <em>Proceedings of the IEEE </em>109 (2021) 1029–1038. <a href="file:///Users/liawb/OneDrive%20-%20Idaho%20National%20Laboratory/1.01%20ADM/02.%20BYL/10.1109/JPROC.2020.3047880">DOI:10.1109/JPROC.2020.3047880</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>N. Gao, B. Li, E. J. Dufek, A. W. Abboud, G. Mattei, P. Khalifah, Z. Li, B. Liaw, C. Fang, Y.S. Meng, “Fast diagnosis of failure mechanisms and lifetime prediction of Li metal batteries." <em>Small Methods</em> (2020) 2000807. <a>doi:10.1002/smtd.202000807</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>B. Liaw, T.P. Barrera, D. Aurbach, “Preface—Focus Issue on Battery Safety, Reliability and Mitigation." <em>J. Electrochem. Soc. </em>167 (2020) 090001. <a>doi:10.1149/1945-7111/abb0f1</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p> X. Wang, G. Pawar, Y. Li, X. Ren, M. Zhang, B. Lu, A. Banerjee, P. Liu, E. J. Dufek, J-G. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Liu, Y. S. Meng, B. Liaw, “Glassy Li metal anode for high-performance rechargeable Li batteries." <em>Nat. Mater. </em>19 (2020) 1339–1345. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-020-0729-1">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-020-0729-1</a>. [ArXiv.org (10/25/2019), <a href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.11513">https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.11513</a>]<br></p><p><br></p><p>F. Wang, Z. Lin, L. Liu, X. Wei, S. Lin, L. Dai, Y. Wei, B. Liaw, C. Liang, “Does polarization increase lead to capacity fade?" <em>J. Electrochem. Soc</em>. 167 (2020) 090549. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab956b">https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab956b</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>Y. Zhang, Y. Lin, L. He, V. Murugesan, G. Pawar, B.M. Sivakumar, H. Ding, D. Ding, B. Liaw, E.J. Dufek, B. Li, “Dual functional Ni<sub>3</sub>S<sub>2</sub>@Ni core-shell nanoparticles decorating nanoporous carbon as cathode scaffolds for lithium-sulfur battery with lean electrolytes." <em>ACS Appl. Energy Mater</em>. 3 (2020) 4173−4179. <a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c00568">https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c00568</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>M.J. Hossain, G. Pawar, B. Liaw, K.L. Gering, E.J. Dufek, A.C.T. van Duin, “Lithium-electrolyte solvation and reaction in the anode/electrolyte interface of a lithium ion battery: A ReaxFF reactive force field study." <em>J. Chem. Phys.</em> 152 (2020) 184301. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0003333">https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0003333</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “Cell qualification—A performance metric-based approach." <em>J. Phys. Energy</em> 2 (2020) 034003. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7655/ab979b">https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7655/ab979b</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>A. Raj, B. Li, B. Liaw, C.C. Dickerson, G.M. Pawar, H.-Y. Huang, S. Kim, E.J. Dufek, “Correlation of electrochemical and mechanical responses: Differential analysis of rechargeable lithium metal cells." <em>J. Power Sources</em> 463 (2020) 228180.  <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228180.">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228180.​</a></p><p><br></p><p>X. Feng, Y. Merla, C. Weng, M. Ouyang, X. He, B.Y. Liaw, S. Santhanagopalan, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Lu, X. Han, D. Ren, Y. Wang, R. Li, C. Jin, P. Huang, M. Yi, L. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Patel, G. Offer, “A reliable approach of differentiating discrete sampled-data for battery diagnosis." <em>eTransportation</em> 3 (2020) 100051. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2020.100051">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2020.100051</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “A quantitative failure analysis on capacity fade in rechargeable lithium metal cells." <em>J. Electrochem. Soc</em>. 167 (2020) 090502. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6cf4">https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6cf4</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>A. Raja, C. C. Dickerson, S. C. Nagpure, S. Kim, C. Niu, J. Xiao, B. Liaw, E. J. Dufek, “Communication—Pressure evolution in constrained rechargeable lithium-metal pouch cells." <em>J. Electrochem. Soc</em>. 167 (2020) 020511. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6439">https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6439</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>B. Zhang, R.B. Carlson, J.G. Smart, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, "Challenges of future high power wireless power transfer for light-duty electric vehicles—technology and risk management." <em>eTransportation </em>2 (2019) 100012. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2019.100012">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2019.100012</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>A.W. Abboud, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, “Implications of local current density variations on lithium metal electrode affected by cathode particle size." <em>J. Electrochem. Soc.</em> 166 (2019) A667–A669. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0711904jes">https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0711904jes</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>Z. Bao, Y. Cui, E. Dufek, J. Goodenough, P. Khalifah, Q. Li, B.Y. Liaw, A. Manthiram, Y.S. Meng, et al. “Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries." <em>Nat. Energy</em> 4 (2019) 180–186. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x</a>.​<br></p><p><strong><br><br></strong></p><p><strong>Editorship</strong></p><p>06/20 Guest Editor, Focus Issue on Battery Reliability, Safety and Mitigation, Journal of the Electrochemical Society.<br></p><p><br></p><p>01/19 Editorial Advisory Board, eTransportation, Elsevier. <br></p><p><br></p><p>04/15 – 09/17 Associate Editor. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. The Electrochemical Society.</p><p><br></p><p>2013 – present Editorial Advisory Board, Ionics, Springer Nature.<br></p><p><br></p><p>2009 – 2010 Guest Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Pacific Power Source Symposium 2010, as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.<br></p><p><br></p><p>2006 – 2007 Guest Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Hawaii Battery Conference 2006, published as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.<br></p><p><br></p><p>2006 – present Assoc. Editor. Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles.​​<br></p></div>https://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Liaw%202.jpgDirectorate Fellow
Fred Stewart, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=187Fred Stewart, Ph.D.Dr. Frederick F. Stewart is manager of the Biological and Chemical Processing Department at the Idaho National Laboratory. He leads a team of 30 to 40 researchers in the biological and chemical sciences. In his current position, he is responsible for technical oversight of research in electrochemical processing, membranes and filtration, chemical synthesis, energy storage materials, computational methods, catalysis, supercritical fluid processing, microbiology, extremophilic organisms, and biomass processing and characterization. His research interests are membrane separations and polymer synthesis where he has been active for over 20 years. Specifically, he is published in the area of phosphazene chemistry and has established methods to functionalize these materials and form them into membranes for harsh chemical separations, such as flue gas carbon capture. He has also developed these materials as lithium battery electrolytes and electrodes. He has published > 90 journal articles, conference proceedings papers, and invited book chapters. Additionally, he has chaired the North American Membrane Society meetings in 2003 and 2013, as well as the 2012 Membranes, Materials and Processes Gordon Research Conference. He earned his Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Montana State University. Since 1997 he has been an adjunct assistant professor of chemistry for the University of Idaho. In 2013 he was honored with an R&D 100 Award with Aaron Wilson and Mark Stone for their work in switchable polarity solvent forward osmosis. <div class="ExternalClassDF853623528F48F1B6474C72996FB603"><p>​Ph.D., Organic Chemistry - Montana State University</p></div>Advanced Manufacturing and Intelligent Systems;Chemical Separations;Bioenergy Technologieshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Fred%20Stewart.jpgDepartment Manager, Biological and Chemical Processing Department