Fast-Charging Aging Considerations: Incorporation and Alignment of Cell Design and Material Degradation Pathways

Parameswara R. Chinnam, Andrew M. Colclasure, Bor-Rong Chen, Tanvir R. Tanim, Eric J. Dufek, Kandler Smith, Michael C. Evans, Alison R. Dunlop, Stephen E. Trask, Bryant J. Polzin, and Andrew N. Jansen

September 2021 - Fast charging of batteries for electric vehicles is seen as one of the most direct ways to enhance adoption. Currently, fast charging is limited by increased cell aging, which is primarily driven by Li plating and degradation of cathode materials. Here, using combined sets of experimental and computational analysis and a suite of different charge protocols, we begin to examine the interplay between failure mode, cell designs, and ultimately aging mechanisms. Slight variation in cell design and the subsequent impacts that charge protocols have on aging can create distinct cell-to-cell variation. As little as 2% difference in porosity change at the cell negative electrode during cycling due to early Li metal plating has been found to alter the aging pathway and either accelerate or inhibit the loss due to Li plating.

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